Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

How much is the income in silkworm farming business? Know about this business from Karnataka farmers Satish and Yogesh

Asia's largest cocoon market is in Ramnagar, Karnataka


The demand for silk is increasing day by day and silk clothes are also very expensive. Kisan of India team reached Karnataka to know what are the important things to keep in mind while doing silkworm farming business. Our correspondent Nishit Malhotra talked to two farmers – Satish and Yogesh, who are rearing silkworms. 

Cocoon farming 

First of all, let us know what is cocoon and how silk thread is made. You already know that silk comes out of a worm, but do you know that this insect lives only for 2 to 3 days. In such a short time, the female insect lays 300 to 400 eggs on mulberry leaves. A small female insect larva emerges from each egg in about 10 days, which grows for 30 to 40 days. Then it becomes dull and chubby. It stays like this for 3 days and by moving the head here and there, extracts a substance from its salivary glands around it and makes a solution of long thread, this is called a cocoon. As soon as the wind blows, this thread dries into a silk thread and its length is about 1000 meters. Satish, a farmer from Ramnagar in Karnataka, cultivates cocoon, for which he uses mulberry leaves. Along with coconut, he is also cultivating mulberry on his 4 acres of land, as silkworms eat mulberry leaves and get good quality silk from it.

silkworm farming

In how many days the thread is ready? 

Proper care of the cocoon is essential to obtain good quality silk. Satish explains that it is necessary to feed the silkworm 3 times a day. When the plants become very big, they should be cut, only then the leaves become good to be used. According to him, silk is ready to be sold in the market in 30 days. Satish sells it in Ramnagar silk market. This market is the largest silk market in Asia. Satish has hired 4 to 5 people to help in his farm.

silkworm farming

Silk farming earns good profit

Satish says that 100 kg of silk is produced from 100 eggs. It sells for around Rs 1040 per kg. He has been doing this work since childhood. There is hard work involved, but the income is good.

Mulberry leaves are very special 

Farmer Yogesh of Tumkur district cultivates mulberry, which is the food of silkworms. Without them it is difficult to imagine silkworm rearing. The insects from which the famous Mysore silk is made also eat mulberry leaves. Yogesh says that the silkworm leaves silk when it eats these leaves. For mulberry cultivation, their twigs are transplanted, on which leaves come in 6 months. When these leaves become slightly larger, they are cut and followed by silkworms. Farmer Yogesh says that in silkworm rearing, you have to rear the insect under your supervision. It is hard work but it is a good source of income. Silk yarn is in great demand in the market. 

silkworm farming

Also Read: Natural farming reduced the cost and increased profit for this farmer of Andhra Pradesh

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