Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Asha Malviya 406: Know why most dwarf variety is a boon for Arhar cultivation?

Low cost, less maintenance and less time, this variety of tur is not less than a revolution.


While the traditional varieties of tur mature in 9 months, the crop of bonsai tur with high disease resistance ‘Asha Malviya 406’ matures in seven and a half months. Know how suitable this variety is for arhar cultivation.

Dwarf plants i.e. Bonsai have a unique place in the world of agricultural science. Japan is considered to be the birthplace of Bonsai technique. But taking inspiration from the wonderful properties of bonsai plants, scientists of the Institute of Agricultural Sciences of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) have developed such a potent species of tur which is no less than a boon for the farmers cultivating tur. Because while the traditional varieties of Arhar mature in 9 months, the Bonsai Arhar crop is ready in seven and a half months.

This tur is only 2 feet high 

The team of Professor Mahendra Narayan Singh, Scientist, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, BHU, has named their Bonsai Arhar variety as ‘Asha Malviya 406’. It is also the smallest of the dwarf varieties of tur. While the height of mature plants of traditional varieties of tur is around two meters, the height of ‘Asha Malviya 406’ is about 60 cm. Encouraged by the characteristics of ‘Asha Malviya 406’, scientists have taken the initiative to develop such a small variety of tur, whose height is just around a foot. 

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More branches and beans in dwarf plant 

Despite being very small in size, the plants of ‘Asha Malviya 406’ also have more branches and pods. This results in higher yields at less cost. That is why this variety of tur should be adopted on maximum scale. According to Professor Singh, if tur is cultivated under the plantation method, then eight to ten kilograms of seed is required per hectare to prepare the plants of ‘Asha Malviya 406’. Whereas in case of conventional varieties the seed rate is 20 to 25 kg per hectare.

High yield at low cost

The most advanced and dwarf variety of Arhar ‘Asha Malviya 406’ can be cultivated in sandy and loamy soils. It consumes 20 kg seed per hectare for sowing by spraying method. It gives a yield of 35 to 40 quintals of tur per hectare. Whereas the yield of other improved varieties is only 25-30 quintals per hectare. 

Efficient care of dwarf tur 

Due to the dwarf species, the maintenance of ‘Asha Malviya 406’ also proves to be economical. Because its plant is as tall as crops like gram and chilli. Being small in size, there is no risk of plant breakage while spraying, maintaining and harvesting the crop of ‘Asha Malviya 406’. Due to the small size, more plants of ‘Asha Malviya 406’ can be sown in less area. Also the plants of this species are very tolerant to natural calamities like storm and water. 

High disease resistance variety 

When the flowers of ‘Asha Malviya 406’ do not shed due to storm and water, then there are more arhar pods in them. This gives better and more production of the crop growing in the legumes. High resistance has also been developed in the plants of ‘Asha Malviya 406’, whose outbreak is visible in tur fields. That’s why indoxacarb and spinosad drug is sprayed only once during flowering of ‘Asha Malviya 406’ plants. 

Optimum utilization of soil nutrients 

The next feature of ‘Asha Malviya 406’ is that due to its dwarf plants, the agricultural waste generated after harvest also comes out about 60 percent less than the traditional varieties. This results in more efficient use of soil nutrients. In this way we find that farmers need to be motivated more and more to adopt it by using ‘Asha Malviya 406’ from sowing to harvesting and from cost to maintenance and yield.

Farmers’ troubles reduced 

Generally, the problem of the farmers regarding the cultivation of tur was that while its other species take more time to mature, the yield is less. If the crop was attacked by diseases, the attractiveness of cultivating tur would fade further, as it reduced the yield so much that the farmers felt that their cost was too low. That’s why he used to cut off from cultivating tur. But fortunately, ‘Asha Malviya 406’ developed in the year 2019 has successfully solved many challenges related to tur cultivation. 


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