Know about advanced varieties of Pointed Gourd
The price of Pointed Gourd is doing well in the market, Get good income from Parwal cultivation along with other vegetables
Pointed Gourd or Parwal is one of the popular vegetables of India, mainly cultivated in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, West Bengal, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Madras, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Along with vegetables, pickles and sweets are also made from parwal. It is also considered very beneficial for health. Parwal is rich in vitamins, carbohydrates and proteins.
Soil and climate
Although parwal can be cultivated in all types of soil, but its cultivation is not good in heavy soil. Loam and sandy loam soil is considered more suitable for this. Also, there should be proper drainage system in the field because its vines get spoiled due to contact with water. Warm climate is good for this.
May-June is the time to prepare the field for sowing Pointed Gourd. At this time, plow the field once and leave it open so that insects and pests die and weeds, if any, dry up. About one month before sowing, mix well decomposed cow dung or compost at the rate of 200-250 quintals per hectare. At the time of sowing, make the soil level by plowing the field 3-4 times with a country plow and using a plough.
Pointed Gourd can be sown in many ways, in which seeds, root cuttings and rags are the main methods.
Seeds- For this, after taking out the seeds from the ripe Parwal, they are sown in the beds in the nursery. After 2-3 months the plants are ready to be planted in the field. This technique increases the number of male plants and reduces the number of female plants. It gives low yield, so this method is not very popular.
Root cutting- In this method, 1 or 2 inch part of the stem along with the root which has 5-6 nodes is sown. In this method plants grow quickly and fruits start coming before time.
Sticks of rags – In this, sowing is done by making sticks of 120-150 cm long vines which are year old. With this technique in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, commercial cultivation of Parwal is done on a large scale.
Improved Varieties of Parwal
If you also want to earn more profit from Parwal farming, then you can produce some advanced varieties of it.
Kashi Alankar- The colour of fruits of this high yielding variety of Parwal is light green and its seeds are also soft. Due to this, about 200 quintals of crop is obtained per hectare.
Swarna Alokik – The shape of this type of parwal is like an egg and the colour of the peel is light green. It has less seeds. That’s why it is used more for making sweets. With this, 200 to 250 quintals of crop can be obtained per hectare.
Swarna Rekha – The colour of this variety of Parwal is dark green and there are white stripes on it. Every node of its plant bears fruits. The production per hectare is about 200 quintals.
Kashi Sufal – This parwal with light green colour and white stripes is also used more in making sweets. They taste good. Its per hectare production ranges from 200 to 250 quintals.
Correct ratio of male and female plants is necessary
It is important to plant male and female plants in the right proportion to get higher yield. Its ratio should be 1:19. At the time of transplanting, the distance from one row to another in the field should be 2.5 meters and the distance from one plant to another should be 1.5 meters.
Since Parwal spreads like a vine, if it is cultivated by making scaffolding, then there is no fear of spoilage of fruits and the yield is also more. It can also be grown along with other crops. Parwal is cultivated along with betel leaves in Uttar Pradesh, due to which the profit is more. Parwal can also be cultivated along with spinach, radish, fenugreek, cauliflower, onion, cabbage.
Fruiting starts in the middle of March. Fruits become ready for plucking after 10 to 12 days of setting. Thus, harvesting should be done once per week in the month of March and April and twice per week in May. The fruits should be plucked before sunrise. This keeps the fruits fresh for a longer time. Good yield of parwal can be taken from improved varieties. Parwal’s price in the market is running between Rs.3800 to Rs.4500 per quintal.
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