Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Olive cultivation is getting boost with time

How much is the profit in olive farming? Know the production technology and current market


Olive cultivation | Olive is no less than a boon for the farmers of Rajasthan. Olive fruit is used in many dishes, but if olives are used the most for anything, it is for making oil. Apart from making cooking oil and baby massage oil, olive oil is also used in many beauty products and medicines. That’s why its demand always remains in the market. Since olive oil is sold at a very high price, farmers can also make a good profit by selling olives at a high price.

Promotion of olive cultivation 

Olive cultivation can improve the economic condition of the farmers. That’s why the government is not only motivating the farmers to promote olive cultivation, but also giving subsidy for the care and maintenance of the plants. Most olives are grown in our country only in Rajasthan, because the climate here is suitable for its cultivation. It is being cultivated in Bikaner, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Churu and Jaisalmer districts of Rajasthan. The olive tree can reach 3-10 meters or more in height.

olive cultivation
Image Credit: tribune

What kind of soil is needed for olive cultivation? 

Choose a land for olive cultivation that has good drainage. If the field is stony or with small pebbles, it will be even better. There should be only one meter of rock in the depth of the field. It should be cultivated in smooth and heavy soil. Planting of plants should be done by making a ridge of 2 feet high and 2 feet wide.

You can take the help of a tractor to make a ridge. For transplanting plants, first dig a pit and add cow dung and anti-termite medicine and leave it for 3-4 days. After this, dig a pit of 1.25 feet and plant an olive tree in it. Irrigate immediately after transplanting and then connect the field with drip irrigation so that the plants get continuous water. Keep plant to plant distance of 4 m and row to row distance of 7 m.

olive cultivation
Image Credit: agrifarming

Characteristics of the olive tree 

The specialty of the olive tree is that it has the ability to tolerate the scorching heat of 48-50 degrees and the cold of up to 7 degrees. 

Imported plants 

Seeing the possibilities of olive cultivation in many districts of Rajasthan as well as Uttar Pradesh, the government imported its high quality plants from Israel. These saplings were distributed free of cost to the farmers to motivate them to take up olive cultivation. The Rajasthan government has set up an olive nursery in a village in Jaipur, where 7 varieties are being produced.

olive cultivation
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How long does it take to grow an olive tree? 

After 4 to 5 years of planting olive tree, it starts bearing fruits and in 7-8 years it starts giving good production. Pruning its plants every year gives good fruits. If any branch of the tree is infested with insects or has become diseased, cut it down and remove it.

olive cultivation
Image Credit: ICAR

How profitable is an olive farm? 

475 olive trees can be planted in one hectare, from which 20 to 27 quintals of oil can be obtained. The price of olives in the market ranges from Rs 180-200 per kg. Accordingly, farmers can earn up to 3 to 5 lakh rupees by cultivating olives.

Also Read: Natural farming reduced the cost and increased profit for this farmer of Andhra Pradesh

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