Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Subbool crop used for making fuel from excellent fodder for animals

Cultivation of Subbool prevents soil erosion and makes soil fertile


You must have seen big trees on the side of the road or in the forest with leaves of mimosa and long bean-like beans, this is a subbool tree. The specialty of this tree is that it grows easily even in barren land and it does not require much water and fertilizers. The Subbool tree serves as nutritious fodder for animals. Also its wood can be used as fuel. Farmers can also earn extra by growing Subbool as a mixed crop. Its wood is also used in building and paper industry. Means Subbool is beneficial for the farmers in every way.

Subbool crop
Image Credit: ICAR

Subbool’s specialty 

It is a nutrient-rich tree whose leaves make excellent green fodder for livestock. It is rich in protein. The specialty of this tree is that it grows anywhere, that is, Subbool can be cultivated in all types of land. Also, in the summer season, when the pushpalaks have to face the problem of lack of green fodder, at that time it will be of great use to them, because it flourishes even in the summer season.

Planting the Subbool tree on the ridge of the fields, it acts as a fence and prevents soil erosion due to being dense. Subbool wood is also used for fuel and building. Paper pulp can also be prepared from its wood, while gum is extracted from its seeds. It helps in fixing atmospheric nitrogen, which benefits the crop. Subbool can also be intercropped with napier (grass), guinea grass, maize, jowar, bajra. Subbool can be planted anywhere in the field, boundary, road side, canal side or near railway line.

Subbool crop
Image Credit: wikipedia

How to plant? 

Subbool seeds have a hard coat, which takes time to germinate. In this case, for quick germination, put the seeds in boiled water for 2-3 minutes before sowing and take them out. This makes the upper layer soft and the seeds germinate quickly. Sow the seeds in March-April. For this, fill polythene bags with soil and cow dung manure and sow the seeds at a depth of 1-1.5 cm. Give some irrigation after sowing. 1-2 kg of Subbool seeds can be planted in one hectare. Transplant the prepared seedlings in the field after 2-3 months. If you want to plant it densely, then plant the plant at a distance of 1 meter.

Makes the soil fertile 

The Subbool tree helps in fixing nitrogen from the atmosphere in the soil, which improves the crop. Its leaves and branches falling on the ground also make the soil fertile. The soil becomes fertile by cutting 1.5 meter long branches of subbool growing in barren land and pressing it in the soil.

Subbool crop
Image Credit: davesgarden

Source of additional income

If it is being grown for fodder at a distance of 2-3 meters, then 50-60 quintals of nutritious dry fodder can be obtained per hectare. Along with this, green fodder can also be obtained in the summer season. After 4-5 years of plantation, 30-50 quintals of wood and 7-10 quintals of seed are obtained per hectare from Subbool tree. This will give additional income to the farmers. Be sure to prune the Subbool tree 5-6 times a year.

Also Read: Why Osmanabadi Goat is considered better for meat production?

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