Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Adopt advanced technology for Green Peas cultivation

The gardener's condition was bad, know how he improved his livelihood due to advanced varieties and techniques of peas, earned profit of lakh rupees per hectare in pea cultivation


Green peas are mainly cultivated in Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Punjab, Assam, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa. It is cultivated well in cold areas. Two early maturing and high yielding varieties of green peas are Kashi Uday and Kashi Nandini. Both these varieties have been developed by the Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (IIVR), Varanasi. The yield potential of both of them per hectare is also high. Sushil Kumar Bind, a farmer living in Bahuti village of Mandihan block of Mirzapur district, Uttar Pradesh, has improved his economic condition by cultivating these two varieties.

Green Peas

Benefits of going to agricultural fair 

Sushil Kumar Bind’s financial condition was not good before the cultivation of green peas. He could barely meet the needs of the family. He had one hectare of land for cultivation. Sushil Kumar’s life changed when he attended an agricultural fair organized by ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (IIVR), Varanasi. Here he came to know about early maturing varieties of peas. Not only did he get new information by talking to the scientists, he was also provided with quality seeds and fertilizers in the deprived districts of Purvanchal as assistance under the National Agricultural Innovation Project, NAIP sub-project – Aajeevika Suraksha.

Production of two improved varieties of peas 

Under the supervision of vegetable scientists of the Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Sushil Kumar started the production of peas. At the behest of the scientists, he started cultivating peas on the whole land. First of all, he destroyed the weeds and pests by deep plowing of the field. He used cow dung as organic fertilizer, which benefited him.

After preparing the land, he sowed two improved varieties of peas, Kashi Uday and Kashi Nandini, in the last week of October. Very soon the seeds sprouted and Sushil Kumar took good care of the plants and removed the weeds. Plants started flowering after one month of sowing. The crop is also ready for harvesting in the month of December.

How much crop was obtained? 

In December, he sold 1200 kg of pea pods, which earned him Rs 40,000. Crop production increased further in January. He broke about 3500 kg of pea pods, selling which earned an income of Rs 57,500. In the month of February, when the prices of peas dropped a bit, he sold only 1500 kg of beans, which earned him Rs.11,250. The rest of the peas were left to become seeds and 2500 kg of seeds were obtained from it, which earned an additional income of Rs.15000 by selling it.

Green Peas
Image Credit: ICAR-IIVR

How much profit? 

Sushil Kumar earned around Rs 1,23,750 from the sale of peas. Sushil Kumar had to spend about 23 thousand rupees in the cultivation of peas. He spent Rs 5,000 on seeds, Rs 10,000 on transport, Rs 1,000 on irrigation, Rs 2,000 on field preparation and Rs 5,000 on fertiliser. He got a direct profit of one lakh rupees in a short time. Now he is planning to cultivate peas on his entire land and is in constant touch with scientists for this. He is also motivating other farmers to cultivate vegetables.

Green Peas
Image Credit: indiamart

Yield potential of improved varieties 

Peas varieties Kashi Uday and Kashi Nandini, developed by the Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi, are not only early maturing, but also have high yield potential. Kashi Udaya gives yield of about 750-900 kg/ha, while Kashi Nandini has a yield potential of about 900-1100 kg/ha. Disease resistance of these varieties is also high, due to which the profit percentage of the farmers increases. 

Also Read: Natural farming reduced the cost and increased profit for this farmer of Andhra Pradesh

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