Ginger Farming: Know advanced methods of cultivation of ginger?
Avoid cultivating ginger continuously in the same field, adopt crop rotation
Ginger is a cash crop rich in versatile properties. Ginger occupies an important place in the vegetable, spice and medicinal category of crops. Ginger is used daily in every household. There is a demand for it for twelve months. It is the demand and consumption of ginger that encourages the farmers to cultivate ginger. It is only because of the demand that good price of ginger is available in the market.
Consumption of ginger provides relief in diseases like cold, cough, digestive diseases, stones and jaundice. Ginger is also used in cosmetics. Farmers with small landholdings can also do ginger cultivation easily. Ginger crop is ready in 7 to 8 months. Its different varieties produce 15 to 20 tons of ginger tuber per hectare. After deducting all the cost, the farmers earn about two lakh rupees per hectare from ginger cultivation.
Climate for Ginger Cultivation
Ginger is cultivated all over the country. It requires warm climate and less irrigation. Even in areas with high rainfall, if the field is drained early, then it is also favourable for ginger. Ginger yields more in fertile soil rich in fossil and organic matter. Ginger tubers are more mature in open fields that get bright sunlight. Before sowing ginger, the soil of the field should be thoroughly pulverized. Due to this, the tuber of ginger develops in the manner. In hard soils, tuber development is inhibited and yields are reduced.
Ginger sowing tips
For sowing ginger, the field should be well plowed and the bund should be made at a distance of one feet. The seed should be buried in the soil up to 5 cm and a distance of 6-7 inches should be kept between them. Sowing time should be April for South Indian climate and May-June for North Indian regions. If there is proper irrigation facility, then sowing can be done in February also. Ginger sown in February gives higher yield when ripe.
Ginger seeds are prepared from its tubers. It is better to have two eyes in it. They are separated by cutting them from the tubers of the new crop. In hilly areas about 1.5 lakh i.e. 25 quintal seed per hectare may be required, whereas in plain areas 18 quintal seed (rhizome) is sufficient. Before planting seeds, they should be treated and prevented from diseases. This also improves the germination of ginger plants.
Get a soil test done, get expert opinion
Ginger tuber develops 6 to 8 inches in the ground. That is why the nutrients from fertile soil are very helpful for its good growth. For good earnings in ginger cultivation, manure should be used only after getting the soil tested and after taking the advice of agricultural experts. However, there is no answer to the use of cow dung at the time of plowing. Ginger does not require much irrigation. If its needs are not met by rain, light irrigation should be given. Regular weed control through weeding and soil plowing on the stem of ginger also increases the yield.
Ginger digging and cleaning
About eight months after the sowing of ginger, when its tuber is fully developed under the ground, its leaves turn yellow and dry up. If ginger is to be used as a vegetable, then before the crop is fully ripe or about the seventh month, the harvest should be done by digging. Fully ripe crop is suitable for making ginger seeds. After digging the ginger tubers are washed with water and dried by separating the soil. So that it can be used for more days. Dried ginger gets a good price in the market. Seed tubers should be properly treated and kept so that they remain safe for a long time.
Improved varieties of ginger
There are many improved varieties of ginger. There are also some hybrid varieties, which give relatively high yields. But different varieties are suitable for different areas. Suprabha, Himgiri, Himachal, Nadia, IISR Varda and IISR Mahima have been considered as improved varieties. Apart from this, indigenous species of ginger is also popular among farmers.
The time taken for different varieties of ginger crop to ripen and the amount of yield it yields has different properties. That is why farmers should proceed only after consulting agricultural experts before sowing. Nadia variety is very popular among those who make dry ginger. It is one of the highest yielding varieties. Its tuber matures in about 200 days. Its yield per hectare is about 28 tonnes.
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