Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Organic Fertilizer : How Ranjit Singh choose the path of Organic Fertilizers?

Why did you choose the path of organic farming?


Due to the increasing use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture, the soil is getting hard every year. Due to this, the land’s water-absorbing capacity and fertile properties rapidly decrease, becoming barren in no time. The average health of the public has also deteriorated due to the consumption of agricultural produce by chemical fertilizers. His immunity has decreased. But the good thing is that the farmers’ awareness of these problems has also increased gradually. That is why farmers have returned to ancient organic farming in the past years and chose organic fertilizer.

Turned to Organic Farming in 2013

Ranjit Singh, a farmer from the Sikar district of Rajasthan, has used only organic fertilizer in his fields for many years. Ranjit Singh has about three hectares of land. He cultivates watermelon with wheat, gram, fenugreek, mustard, groundnut, moong, guar, and millet. In 2013, Ranjit came across a trust that sensitized and trained farmers about the importance of using organic manure.

However, even then, Ranjit was unaware of the ill effects of chemical fertilizers. Given the increasing number of cancer victims contacting the trust workers, he decided not to use chemical fertilizers. He was familiar with organic manure, but there was a need to become proficient in it. So, Ranjit attended a six-day training camp organized by agricultural scientist Padma Shri Subhash Palekar at Khatu Shyam. This gave him all the practical and practical information about the specialty of different forms of organic fertilizer/manure.

Organic Fertilizer

Customers come to the Farm itself

After learning the tricks of organic farming, Ranjit started using it. Due to this, his crops started getting better year after year. People fond of organic products have started coming to his farms and taking the produce. Under the supervision of Ranjit, some other nearby farmers also adopted organic farming. All are getting a better price for the produce. Also, Ranjit now goes to other villages to explain the benefits of organic farming to the farmers and train them. Because of his efforts, the Government of Rajasthan has also honored him.

Organic Fertilizer

Desi Cow is Essential

Ranjit says raising indigenous cows to make organic manure is most important. Ranjit has many cows today. Their dung and urine are essential elements of organic farming. While cow dung manure is excellent nutrition for the fields, cow urine is used as a pesticide. They also do new farming experiments and give advice and suggestions to improve it through their experiences.

Organic Fertilizer

Ranjit explains that five types of organic fertilizers are prepared from cow dung manure, which is applied when sowing and hoeing crops. Their names are Ghan Jeevamrit, Bijamrit, Jeevamrit, Neemastra and Brahmastra. He also explained how to make it.

1. How to make Ghan Jeevamrit

Ghan Jeevamrut is a bacterial dry manure. It is applied at the time of sowing or three days after watering the fields. This increases the productivity of the soil. It can be used for six months after making.

Ingredients (per acre) – 100 kg cow dung, 5 kg jaggery, 2 kg gram flour, 1 kg meadow or forest soil and 5 liters cow urine.

Method – To make Ghan Jeevamrut, collect all these ingredients at one place and mix them well with the help of a shovel. Then spread it in a shady place and cover it with a cloth or polythene and leave it to dry thoroughly. Then fill the dry manure in sacks or bags and put it in the fields at the right time.

2. How to make Beejamrit

The use of Beejamrit manure is effective in protecting the seeds and the tender roots that sprout from them from diseases and fungal attacks.

Ingredients (per acre) – 5 kg cow dung, 20 liters water, 5 liters cow urine and 50 grams lime.

Method – Tie cow dung in a cloth and hang it in water for 12 hours. Similarly, put lime in one liter of water and leave it overnight. Next morning, after squeezing the dung bag well, mix all its juice in the same water. Add a handful of clay to this solution and stir it well. Mix cow urine and lime water in this solution and stir well.

3. How to make Jeevamrut

Jeevamrut is very effective organic fertilizer. Apart from the rapid growth of the plant, it is very useful in improving soil fertility. It also increases the disease resistance of plants. It gives good yield.

Ingredients (per acre) – 10 kg cow dung, 10 liters cow urine, 1 kg jaggery, 1 kg gram flour, 5 kg fertile soil and water.

Method – Mix cow dung and cow urine in a suitable drum and mix it well. Make a solution by mixing jaggery, gram flour, soil and water in another utensil so that there is no lump. Mix it in a drum and cover it with a cloth and keep it in the shade. Keep stirring this solution three to four times daily with the help of a wooden stick for five to six days. When bubbles start rising in this solution, Jeevamrit is ready. Jeevamrut is prepared quickly in summer.

4. How to make Neemastra

Neemastra is an organic insecticide. It is used for prevention from insects and small caterpillars.

Ingredients (per acre) – 5 kg neem leaf, 5 kg neem fruit, 5 liters cow urine, 1 kg cow dung and water.

Method – First of all, crush or grind neem leaves and fruits and mix them in a plastic utensil. Then add cow urine and cow dung to it, mix it well and cover it with a net cloth and keep it in the shade. Filter it three times a day and mix it in 100 liters of water and sprinkle it on the crops. This Neemastra can be used for six months.

5. How to make Brahmastra

Brahmastra helps in increasing the productivity of crops by protecting them from insect pests. It can be made and used for six months.

Ingredients (per acre) – 10 liters of cow urine, 3 kg neem leaf paste, 2 kg karanj leaf paste, 2 kg cilantro leaf paste, 2 kg bael leaves, 2 kg brinjal leaf paste and 2 kg datura. Leaf sauce.

Method – Mix any five of these ingredients in cow’s urine and make a solution. Then put this solution in some clay and heat it till it boils. Then after keeping it in the shade for two days, filter it and keep it in a separate vessel. Spray 3-4 liters of Brahmastra in 100 liters of water per acre.

Also Read: Punarnava Jal – The world’s first organic fertilizer! Know how it is beneficial for farmers?

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