The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved India’s updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to notify the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Threat of climate change
The updated NDC seeks to enhance India’s contribution towards the achievement of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, as agreed under the Paris Agreement. Such action would also help India open up avenues for low-emission growth. It will protect the country’s interests and safeguard its future development needs based on the principles and provisions of the UNFCCC.
In the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP26) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Glasgow, United Kingdom, India spoke of accelerating its climate action by presenting five elixirs (Panchamrit) to the world. India’s climate action. This update to India’s existing NDCs converts the ‘Panchamrit’ announced at COP 26 into advanced climate goals. The update is also a step towards achieving India’s long-term goal of reaching net-zero by 2070.
Earlier, India submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UNFCCC on October 2, 2015. The 2015 NDC included eight goals; Three of these have quantitative targets for, by 2030, cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil sources to reach 40%; Reducing the emissions intensity of GDP by 33 to 35 per cent compared to 2005 levels and creating an additional carbon sink equivalent to 2.5 to 3 billion tons of CO2 through additional forest and tree cover.
According to the updated NDC, India is now committed to reducing the emission intensity of its GDP by 45 per cent by 2030 from 2005 levels and to achieving about 50 per cent of cumulative electric power installed capacity by 2030 from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources. committed to. Today’s approval also furthers the Hon’ble PM’s vision of sustainable lifestyles and climate justice to protect the poor and vulnerable from the adverse effects of climate change.
The updated NDC reads “‘Life’ as the key to combating climate change – a healthy and sustainable way of life based on traditions and values of conservation and moderation, through a mass movement for ‘lifestyles for the environment”. To pursue and advance a sustainable way”. The decision on enhanced NDCs reflects India’s commitment at the highest level to decouple economic growth from greenhouse gas emissions.
Commitment to work towards a low-carbon
India’s updated NDCs have been prepared after careful consideration of our national circumstances and the principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Related Capabilities (CBDR-RC). India’s updated NDC also reaffirms our commitment to work towards a low-carbon pathway, while simultaneously striving to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
Recognizing that lifestyle has a big role to play in climate change, PM proposed a ‘One Word Movement’ to the global community at COP 26. This is one word LIFE…L, I, F, E, i.e. Lifestyle For Environment. LIFE’s vision is to live a lifestyle that is in harmony with our planet and does not harm it. India’s updated NDC also embraces this citizen-centric approach to tackling climate change.
The updated NDC also represents the framework for India’s transition to clean energy for the period 2021-2030. The updated framework, along with a number of other government initiatives, including tax concessions and incentives, such as a production-linked incentive scheme to boost manufacturing and the adoption of renewable energy, provide an opportunity to enhance India’s manufacturing capabilities and increase exports.
Launched several schemes
Will do This will lead to an overall increase in green jobs such as in the renewable energy, and clean energy industries – in the automotive, manufacturing of low-emission products such as electric vehicles and super-efficient appliances, and innovative technologies such as green hydrogen, etc. India’s updated NDCs will be implemented over the period 2021-2030 through programs and schemes of relevant Ministries/Departments and with appropriate support from States and Union Territories.
The government has launched several schemes and programs to enhance India’s actions on both adaptation and mitigation. Appropriate measures are being taken under these plans and programs in several sectors including water, agriculture, forests, energy and enterprise, sustainable mobility and housing, waste management, circular economy and resource efficiency etc.
Indian Railways reduce emissions by 60 million tonnes
As a result of the above measures, India continues to progressively decouple economic growth from greenhouse gas emissions. A net zero target by 2030 by the Indian Railways alone would reduce emissions by 60 million tonnes annually. Similarly, India’s massive LED bulb campaign is reducing emissions by 40 million tonnes a year.
India’s climate actions have so far been largely financed from domestic resources. However, providing new and additional financial resources as well as technology transfer to address the global climate change challenge is one of the commitments and responsibilities of developed countries under the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement. India will also need its fair share of such international financial resources and technical assistance.
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