Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Lac Insect Rearing on Arhar is a profitable deal, Know its method

Lac insect rearing is a source of additional income for the farmers.


Lac insect rearing is becoming a significant source of additional income for the farmers. It is a natural resin obtained from the insect Carina Lac. Lac insects get food by sucking sap from tree branches and making armor by secreting resin for protection. This is lac, which is scraped from the branches of trees.

70 percent of the world’s lac is produced in our country. It is specially produced in Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, and Uttar Pradesh. There are two varieties of lac, Rangini, and Kusumi lac. Two crops are obtained in a year from both these varieties. More than lac production of colorful variety is obtained. By the way, lac insect rearing is usually done only on soft branches of ber, safflower, and palas, but apart from these, lac can also be produced on Arhar. This is very easy.

Lac production on Arhar

Compared to other trees, lac production can be done quickly on Arhar, and farmers can easily earn extra income from this. There are many methods of producing lac on pigeon peas.

Lac Insect Rearing
Image Credit: wikipedia

Bihan Lac selection

The first mature female moth to produce lac is called bihan lac, which produces the nymphs. In this, mature female insect-infested twigs are collected and used within 2-3 days. The fully mature female insect is selected for lac insect rearing, free from any fungus and other insects.

Arhar plant is best for colorful lacquer

Arhar plant, grown throughout the year, is excellent for producing colored lac. This color is suitable for both lac crops, Katki and Baisakhi. Vaccination is done in June-July for Katki crop and in October-November for Baisakhi crop. Arhar sprigs when 5-8 mm. If key is reached, insect transmission is done.

For pest control, 10-15 grams of Beehan Lac per plant is required. After insect transmission, it is important to see whether there are more than one lakh insects, because when their quantity is high, the plants start dying. If this happens, transmit the pest to other branches. Also see if the baby moths are sitting. If not seated, transmit again from the other side. If you have a nylon net, then fill its bag with behen lac and transmit the insect.

Lac Insect Rearing
Image Credit: gardenerspath

Lac crop harvesting

When lac is ready in lac insect rearing, it looks like a yellow spot on the cells. When fully mature, lac is called ari lac. The crop should be harvested at this time. For this, keep the twigs 8-10 cm from the ground. Height is cut off.

Harvest only when nymphs are produced. If there is no lac on any branch, then it should also be cut off. After cutting the twigs, the lac is scraped out. To remove it easily, soak the twigs in water for 10-15 minutes. Lakhs are easily removed from this. Later they should also be dried in the air.

Lac is used for making cosmetics, seal, shellac, varnish, coating on fruits and medicine, polishing and preparing decorative items. Lac is something that is used for many things. Due to this the farmers get a good price for it.

Also Read: Lac Cultivation can become good source of income for farmers

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