Advanced techniques in mango cultivation get bountiful of mangoes
Satyanarayana Reddy has adopted the techniques and earning per hectare doubled
In the recent years, the farmers of Karnataka are not showing interest in mango cultivation, only a few farmers are producing it on a large scale. In fact, many factors like falling of Manjar due to strong wind, which does not bear fruit, heavy hailstorm and irregular rainfall, lack of proper marketing channel are the reasons for low mango cultivation.
But Satyanarayana Reddy, a farmer from Ayyanahalli village in Tumkur district of Karnataka, is cultivating mangoes on 30 acres. However, he was not happy with the production. Reddy, who grew Alphonso and Mallika varieties of mangoes, suffered huge crop losses every year due to lack of proper management, pest attacks like mango hoppers, fruit flies and powdery mildew, and plant death. To avoid pests and diseases, he used to spray pesticides on the advice of other farmers, but to no avail. He was looking for expert advice for his mango orchards.
Initiatives of Krishi Vigyan Kendra benefited
In 2018-19 Satyanarayana Reddy came to know about ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Hirehalli located in Tumkur. He contacted Horticulture subject matter specialist there. The experts of the department visited his mango plantation and gave him some suggestions. Some of these suggestions are as follows:
- Adoption of Farmyard manure (FYM) with advanced techniques of irrigation management ranging from advice of application of Arka Microbial Consortium @ 50 kg per tree.
- To get more flowers and uniform mangoes in the plants, it is advised to use Mango Special as a foiler spray by mixing 5 grams per liter of water as a sprayer 5 times a year.
- To reduce the incidence of mango hoppers, application of neem soap @ 7 grams per liter of water is recommended during flowering initiation and after flowering at every 8 days interval.
- It was also advised to adopt fly pheromone traps at 10-15 per hectare for monitoring of common fruit flies and Arka borer for management of stem borer.
How much income increased
After following the advice of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, in 2019-20, the yield of 12,000 kg Alphonso and 29,604 kg Mallika variety was obtained from the first bearing. Thus, he got a net profit of about Rs.4,96,080 from the entire orchard (12 hectares). During 2020-21 also, following the advice of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, he got a yield of 13,240 kg of Alphonso and 33,032 kg of Mallika. Thus he got a net income of 5,96,040 from 30 acres of orchard.
The effect of the help of Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Before the intervention of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, he was able to earn only Rs 21,380 per hectare from mango plantation, but after the technical intervention of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, his earning more than doubled to Rs 45,505 per hectare. Krishi Vigyan Kendra told them about the techniques of higher production of mangoes as well as post-harvest care. By adopting new technology, he got good quality mango crop, which also fetched good price in the market.
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