Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Arecanut Cultivation: How much and how beneficial is betel nut cultivation? Yogesh of Karnataka adopted the formula of intercropping

Red soil is suitable for betel nut


Do you know that India is the largest producer of betel nut in the world and Karnataka has the highest cultivation of betel nut in the country. If you have ever visited South India, you must have seen a lot of trees thin and tall like coconut, but its fruits are small. These trees, which look like coconut, are of betel nut. Its cultivation is more in South India, because both the soil and the weather there are suitable for betel nut. Kisan of India correspondent Nishit Malhotra reached a village in Tumkur district of Karnataka to know the important things related to betel nut cultivation. Here he met Yogesh, a betel nut farmer.

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 betel nut

Returns after 8 years of investment 

Yogesh, a farmer who has been cultivating betel nut for many years, says that after 8 years of planting betel nut, a tree is formed and starts giving fruits. That is, for 8 years, you have to spend on the care of the tree as well as on fertilizer and water etc.

betel nut

How much is the earning? 

About 2 kg of betel nut comes out of a tree. Yogesh has planted 600 betel nut trees in 4 acres. It produces about 4 quintals of betel nut. Yogesh says that by selling so many betel nuts, he earns Rs 4 lakh. Actually, betel nut is sold in the market for Rs 300 to Rs 400 per kg.

 betel nut
Arecanut Cultivation

Along with arecanut, he also cultivates cocoons for additional income, as cocoon plants mature quickly. That’s why earning starts early.

 betel nut

Cultivation of other crops 

Yogesh also cultivates paddy crops along with arecanut and cocoons. Along with cultivation of ragi, he also makes biscuits by processing it. Actually, ragi is considered very beneficial for health. Therefore, nowadays the demand for Ragi and its products is increasing. 

Red soil is necessary for betel nut 

The betel nut crop cannot grow in all types of soil. For this only red clay is needed. Most of the areas of Karnataka have red soil, which is perfect for its cultivation. This is the reason that most of the farmers of Tumkur district do betel nut cultivation.

 betel nut

Grow black pepper with betel nut 

If you want to earn extra income then cultivating black pepper along with betel nut is a good option. Pepper plants need tall trees to climb up, so betel tree is a good choice. Areca trees are planted at a distance and are very tall, so farmers can plant some other crops along with it. 

 betel nut
Arecanut Cultivation

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