Cultivation of Ridge Gourd: These improved varieties of Luffa will increase the yield
Earn double profits from these improved varieties of smooth luffa
If farmers cultivate smooth Luffa in a scientific way, then good production can be obtained from its crop. Smooth Luffa is cultivated all over India. It is a vegetable grown on the vine. Its vegetable is in demand in India from small towns to big cities. There is a lot of demand for it in the market during summer, so it is very profitable for the farmers to cultivate it. Luffa is rich in vitamin C, iron, magnesium, thiamin, riboflavin and zinc. Apart from this, the amount of fibre is also high in it. If farmers sow improved varieties of Luffa, then farmers can get good profits.
Improved varieties of Luffa :
Kashi Divya – The stem of this variety of Lorai is 4.5 m tall and the fruits are cylindrical. The colour is light green and the length is 20 to 25 cm. The crop is ready after 48-50 days of sowing. Its yield potential is 130-160 quintals per hectare.
Pusa Sneha – This variety of Luffa is dark green in colour and 20-25 cm in length. The crop is ready for harvesting 50-55 days after sowing. Its yield potential is also good. 200-230 quintals of Luffa is yielded per hectare.
Swarna Prabha – This variety takes a little more time to get ready, but yields good. The crop becomes harvestable after 70-75 days of sowing. The yield potential per hectare is 200-250 quintals.
Kalyanpur Green Smoothie – Fruits of this variety of Luffa are medium sized and fleshy. Light stripes are formed on the fruits and the yield potential of this variety of Luffa is very high. There is a yield of 350-400 quintals of Luffa per hectare.
Pusa Nasdar – The colour of the fruit of this variety of Lorai is light green. Its pulp is white and green. The length of the fruit is 12-20 cm. Its yield potential is 150-160 quintals per hectare.
Sarputia – The specialty of this variety is that the fruits come in clusters. They are small in size and the fruits have raised stripes. Its skin is also slightly thick and it is usually grown more in the plains.
Important things related to Luffa cultivation
The cultivation of Luffa requires warm and moist weather. It can be successfully cultivated in both rainy and summer season. It is good to cultivate it in sandy or loam. Also, it is important to have a good drainage system in the field. It is suitable to put 3-5 kg of seed in one hectare. Drain method is considered the most suitable for sowing luffa. Fertilizer is very important for a good crop. Therefore, mix about 20-25 tonnes of decomposed cow dung in the field. Also add nitrogen, phosphorus and potash.
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