Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Fig Cultivation: Advanced variety ‘Diana’ increase income

Fig cultivation is being done in 200 hectares of area in Barmer.


Rajasthan’s sandy soil, dry climate, water scarcity and strong sunlight make cultivation of normal crops difficult, as the plants cannot tolerate the harsh climate. But horticulture crops like date palm, jujube and pomegranate can be grown even in these difficult climates. That’s why their cultivation is also being done in many districts of Rajasthan.

Farmers of Barmer district also face problem in cultivation of many crops. In such a situation, with the help of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, farmers were motivated to cultivate figs here. Within a few years, the profits from figs showed a ray of hope to the farmers.

Also Read: Natural farming reduced the cost and increased profit for this farmer of Andhra Pradesh

Due to the new technology given by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, despite the dry and hot climate and lack of water, figs are being successfully cultivated here. Fig plant can tolerate temperature up to 45 degree Celsius, so figs are being cultivated in Barmer, in which farmers are also getting success.

Initiatives of Krishi Vigyan Kendra 

Krishi Vigyan Kendra Gudamalani inspired farmers for fig cultivation in 2019-20. Initially figs were cultivated in 5 hectares and for this the planting material was also arranged by Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Farmers were given all the necessary information and training related to farming. Positive results started appearing within 3 years. Farmers started getting good profit from fig cultivation. Seeing this, many farmers of the area came forward to cultivate figs and gradually the area under cultivation reached 200 hectares.

Fig Cultivation
Image Credit: ICAR

Advantage of new technology 

‘Diana’ variety of fig was produced in Barmer and seedlings were transplanted at a distance of 4*4 meters so that they could flourish well. Since there is water problem in the area, Krishi Vigyan Kendra adopted drip irrigation technique for irrigation. This saves water up to 70%. With this method, the water directly reaches the roots of the plants. In all areas of Rajasthan, drip irrigation is generally used for agriculture. This reduces the cost of cultivation. Presently, farmers of Shivna, Sindri, Chauhtan, Gudamalani, Shiv and Barmer regions of Rajasthan are cultivating figs and have got success in this.

How much profit in fig farming? 

Fig plant starts bearing fruit after 3 years. Up to 15-20 kg of fruit is obtained from one tree, which is sold in the market at the rate of 60 to 100 rupees per kg. In this way, one tree earns up to Rs 1500-2000. Farmers can earn a profit of up to Rs 5 lakh by cultivating figs in one hectare. Fig is also very beneficial in terms of health, hence it is in demand. By growing it, farmers can improve both the health and economic condition of their family.

Fig Cultivation
Image Credit: ICAR

India ranks 12th in the world in terms of fig production. Figs are produced in the country in parts of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Now fig cultivation is also being done in Barmer, Rajasthan. In fact, many farmers are not aware of the benefits of figs and the profits they make from it. That’s why they are not able to take advantage of this precious fruit. The cultivation of figs is no less than a boon for the farmers living in areas with dry climate, high temperature, excessive sunlight and lack of water where cultivation of other crops is impossible. 

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