Fish farming : Jayanti Rohu and Amur carp are improved species of fish helping Indrasakhi Devi earn a profit of Rs 5 lakh
She started fish farming in 2014, benefited by adopting scientific technology
Just as new and advanced techniques of farming are developing, in the same way many modern techniques and advanced species of fish farming have also been developed. Due to this fish farming has become a profitable business. Small farmers can earn good profit from farming as well as fish farming, just they should have knowledge of scientific techniques and advanced species of fish.
Their income can increase manifold by keeping high-priced commercial fish from traditional fish farming practices, as happened with Thingom Indrasakhi Devi, a female farmer from Manipur. Earlier she used to do traditional fish farming, from which she was not earning enough, but after coming in contact with Krishi Vigyan Kendra, she came to know about genetically improved fish species and now she earns millions of profit from fish farming.
Traditional fish farming was not making profit
Thingom Indrasakhi Devi, a resident of Laiphrakpam Mayai Leikai village in Thoubal district of Manipur, has a fish pond in which she rears fish. This pond covers an area of about one hectare. She is doing fish farming since 2014. In her early fishing journey, she adopted traditional fishes and reared Indian major carp, exotic carp and many other small carp fish species in a traditional manner.
But this did not earn her enough income and yield was also very low in comparison to high priced commercial fish species. The reason for this was lack of scientific, technical and management knowledge. However, Thingom Indrasakhi, a progressive woman farmer, was constantly in search of new technology and information to increase her income. Under these efforts she came in contact with Krishi Vigyan Kendra Thoubal and here she got information about genetically improved fish species. She used to regularly participate in front line demonstrations and training programs organized by Krishi Vigyan Kendra.
Initiatives of Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Krishi Vigyan Kendra Thoubal took the initiative to organize demonstrations on improved fish varieties Jayanti Rohu and Amur Carp. It was funded by the National Fisheries Development Board, Hyderabad, Government of India. 10 beneficiaries were selected for this program and front line demonstrations were conducted in farmers’ ponds in Wabagai, Wangjing, Lourembam, Hijam Khunou, Tenth and Laiphrakpam villages in 2018- 2020.
Thingom Indrasakhi Devi was also one of these beneficiaries. She used a one hectare pond for the demonstration programme. She procured seeds of Amur carp and Jayanti Rohu from NFBB network hatchery with financial assistance from National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB). KVK, Thoubal supervised their entire fish farming activities. Their growth was monitored every month by examining the fish samples at his farm.
Talking about the production of Jayanti Rohu and Amur carp species, she got 4,050 kg of fish from one hectare. She earned an annual income of about Rs 10,12,500, out of which she earned a net profit of Rs 5,62,000 after deducting the cost of production. Seeing the success of Thingom Indrasakhi, other fish producers in the area were also inspired to produce genetically improved fish species Jayanti Rohu and Amur carp.
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