Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Garlic storage at low cost, Krishi Vigyan Kendra developed advanced technology

Good price of garlic will be available if stored properly


Garlic is a tuberous crop. After onion, it is in great demand in the country. Apart from being used as a spice, it is also considered a medicine in Ayurveda. The demand for garlic is not only in the country but also abroad. India exports it on a large scale, but sometimes farmers have to suffer heavy losses due to improper storage of garlic. The largest production of garlic in our country is in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh. The crop is ready for digging in 130 to 180 days. Irrigation should be stopped when the leaves of the plants turn yellow. After a few days, it should be dug. Garlic is such a crop that if stored properly, it can last for 7 to 8 months. According to agricultural scientists, how to store garlic? Which method is the most efficient and cheapest? Know in this article.

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Why is it important to store garlic? 

You might think that garlic does not spoil quickly, but it is not. If not stored properly after harvest, this crop can develop diseases like blue mould rot, damage to the bulb (rhizome), aspergillus rot, fusarium rot, dry rot and gray mould rot. Of these, this crop is most damaged due to blue mould rot disease. In addition, rot and fungus also occur. 

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Low Cost Garlic Storage Technique 

Generally, it has been seen that up to 43-50 per cent of tubers get spoiled if garlic is kept in a normal room. To tackle this problem, a low-cost storage house has been developed by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Anta, Baran under the National Agricultural Development Scheme ‘Garlic Center of Excellence’ project. One lakh rupees will be spent to build this storage house. Bamboo has been used to make it. The storage house is cheaper and easier than other techniques.

Constructed of bamboo sticks on the cement floor, the structure of this storage house is 15 feet wide, 30 feet long and 12 feet high in size. The peculiarity of this structure is that up to 10 tons of garlic can be kept in it.

Image Credit: ICAR

Features of garlic storage structure 

In this storage technique, garlic is kept along with the plants. To keep it for a long time, proper arrangement of air is made in the room. Due to this, tubers do not get spoiled and when used in the form of seeds, the yield potential of garlic buds also increases. For storage, tubers are kept close to the plant, which is about 3 feet in length, because garlic does not spoil quickly when kept this way. The height of the heap of garlic should be kept only up to three feet. This is said to be the most effective method of storage in the storage room for the long life of garlic.

Image Credit: ICAR

Advanced technology of garlic storage brought benefits 

Farmers used to keep heaps of garlic up to a height of 7 to 8 feet in the traditional way. This caused damage to the crop up to 34 per cent, but the percentage of crop damage up to three feet in height came down to 3.4%. This storage structure has become one of the model units for garlic growers in many regions of Rajasthan.

Image Credit: ICAR

Get more information about this technique from here 

The low cost model structure of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Anta, Baran has been adopted by many farmers of the district. Madana Kheri village has been declared as storage village in the area. To know more about this technology, you can contact Krishi Vigyan Kendra Baran or by calling 07457 – 244862. Apart from this, you can get information by sending mail to,

Also Read: Income reached Rs 3 lakh to 12 lakh by adopting integrated farming model, Jai Shankar Kumar of Begusarai became mentor trainer

Garlic Farming in India 

Both very hot and very cold weather are not suitable for cultivation. Therefore, it is sown in October-November. Loamy soil is considered good for its cultivation. It is also important to have proper drainage system in the field. Its regular irrigation is also necessary. Light irrigation should be done so that water does not fill the field. Generally, this crop is ready in 130-180 days. After harvesting the buds should be dried in shade for 3-4 days, only after that garlic should be stored.

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