How can organic farming and animal husbandry become a profitable deal after leaving a private job?
Cow dung and cow urine can be used in many ways
Today agriculture has taken Nitish Yadav to the point from where people respect him and his work. The youth of the area and many farmers come to him to learn the tricks of farming.
Organic farming is not possible without animal husbandry. By combining these two, farmers can earn good income. But how? To know the answer, the team of Kisan of India reached Kotputli, Rajasthan. The synergy between organic farming and animal husbandry by Nitish Yadav, a farmer living here, has become an example in the entire area. Today many youths and farmers come to consult him.
Farming gave identity
When Nitish Yadav, a management degree holder, decided to take up farming, many people did not agree with him. He left his private sector job for farming. In a special conversation with Kisan of India, Nitish explains, what agriculture has given him in two years, hardly any other business would have been able to give. Agriculture has given him the real identity.
Left job and chose farming
After working for two years, Nitish Yadav chose the path of farming at the age of 30. Nitish Yadav says that leaving the job and coming towards agriculture was a risky step. But his inclination towards farming inspired him to move forward. He consulted his friend Lekhram Yadav. Lekhram is also his business partner today.
Initially started organic farming on small scale
Nitish Yadav does organic farming and animal husbandry on 210 bighas of ancestral land. Nitish Yadav, who turned to agriculture since 2016, told that he had ancestral land, but there was not enough money to raise cows. So, he first started farming from small scale. Cultivation of papaya by drip irrigation technique. Tomatoes are also planted with the inter-cropping technique. In the beginning, farming did not bring much profit.
Income increased during Corona period
Nitish Yadav says that during the lockdown in Corona period, where many businesses were locked down, but they got good income from farming. When the money started coming in, with the goal of reaching the kitchen of the consumers, he also started cow rearing.
Selected Sahiwal cow for cow rearing
Nitish Yadav has reared 60 indigenous cows of Sahiwal breed in his farm. He had brought these cows from Ganganagar in Punjab. Nitish Yadav says that most people consider the Gir breed cow of Gujarat to be the best, but the Sahiwal cow found in many areas of Rajasthan is no less.
Sahiwal cow’s milk is beneficial for health
Nitish Yadav says that the milk of this cow is beneficial for health. They claim that while the milk of other cows shows its effect on anyone in 10 days, the milk of Sahiwal cow can do wonders in just five days. Milking ability of Sahiwal cow is also good. Nitish Yadav told that this cow gives 12 to 18 litres of milk. They are calm in nature. Due to this there is no problem in extracting milk.
Things to consider for maintenance of Sahiwal cows
On the maintenance of Sahiwal cows, Nitish Yadav said that these cows adapt themselves in any environment. The roof of the cowshed is made of bamboo. In winter, a part of the cowshed is covered with a tarpaulin. Due to this, these cows get warmth in winter and coolness in summer.
The diet of the cow also needs special attention. Nitish Yadav gives wheat fodder to his cows. Apart from this, moong, moth, gram chunks are also given as fodder.
Daily production of 240 litres of milk
Up to 240 litres of milk is produced daily from these Sahiwal cows. 150 litres of milk is directly packed in bottles and reaches the customer. Milk is packed in a one litre glass bottle. Ghee, butter and paneer are prepared from the remaining milk.
Cow dung and cow urine can also be used
Nitish Yadav says that the cost of dairy, the salary of the people working in the farm comes out from the livestock of the cows. Vermicompost is prepared from cow dung and sold to farmers. Cow dung is also used for cooking milk, cooking for labourers. This reduces the cost of money.
Biogas plant unit is installed in the farm
Biogas plant is also installed in this farm. A biogas plant produces as much gas as 5 cylinders in a week. Wood is also made from cow dung. There is also a machine for this. Cow dung wood is considered good for the environment. These woods are sold in hotels and shops. Cow urine is also sold to farmers at the rate of Rs 30 to 35 per litre.
Animal husbandry is a profitable business
Nitish Yadav says that if farmers take care of some things, then animal husbandry can become a profitable deal for them. Do not limit the cow to milk production only. Farmers can increase their income by using their waste in many ways.
Use of cow dung instead of urea
Generally, farmers use urea to supply nitrogen in agriculture. Nitish Yadav extracted this urea from cow dung. They do organic farming using cow dung manure. They also sell this dung manure outside at the rate of Rs.8 per kg. Nitish Yadav says that his business has gained more momentum due to Sahiwal cows.
On the income from animal husbandry, Nitish Yadav says that at present an expenditure of up to one lakh 30 thousand per month is spent in cow rearing. The target is to earn up to three lakhs from this expenditure.
How to identify Sahiwal cow?
Nitish also told about how to identify Sahiwal cow. The mouth of Sahiwal cow is thin and flat. It has a small head and buried horns. The skin on the side of their stomach is hanging. The hump is turned towards the back.
Nitish Yadav says that today agriculture has brought him to this point, where people look up to him and his work with respect. Today Nitish Yadav proudly tells everyone that his business is farming.
Contact us: If farmers want to share information or experiences related to farming with us, then they can do this by calling us on the phone number 9599273766 or by writing an email to [email protected] or by sending your recording. Through Kisan of India, we will convey your message to the people, because we believe that if the farmers are advanced then the country is happy.