Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Liquid Nanoclay Technology: How is it making sandy land fertile?

Succulent fruits grown on barren land.


Liquid Nanoclay Technology | With the help of agricultural equipment, scientists invent new techniques every day, making the work of farmers easier to increase the yield. During the Corona period, one such technique was successfully used on the sandy land of the UAE. The technology through which the sandy land was made fertile is called liquid nanoclay technology.

Succulent watermelon was produced within 40 days on a barren land using it in the UAE during the lockdown in Corona. This technology’s success has shown the farmers a new ray of hope. Now farmers in desert areas are moving towards adopting this technology. However, this technology is a bit expensive, so small farmers may find it difficult to afford it.

Liquid Nanoclay Technology
Image Credit: ICAR

What is Nanoclay Technology?

Nanoclay (Liquid) means wet clay mixed with sand in a balanced amount to make the soil fertile. This is a way of reviving the soil. This technology is very beneficial for desert areas because using Liquid Nanoclay Technology will reduce water use by 45%. Liquid nanoclay was first successfully used in the UAE during the lockdown. Watermelon was successfully cultivated in a part of barren land with the help of this technique. Also, vegetables like gourd were grown. In this technique, tiny particles of clay are used as liquid.

Cost Reduction Efforts

This technique is very effective for the farmers, but due to its high cost, it is difficult for the small farmers to get its benefit. The cost of treating sandy soil per square meter is $2. Once nanoclay is used, the soil remains fertile for 5 years. In a country like UAE where farmers are prosperous, it will be easy for them to adopt this technology. In a country like India, where many schemes are being worked out to improve the economic condition of the farmers, scientists are constantly making efforts to take this technology to the farmers. Work is being done to reduce its cost. Efforts are being made to bring its cost down to $0.20 per square meter.

Liquid Nanoclay Technology
Image Credit: gulfnews

How does Nanoclay Technology work?

Sandy soil does not absorb water, due to which farming is impossible. But when liquid nanoclay is added to the sand, the water-holding capacity of the soil increases. Due to which the soil becomes fertile. In Liquid Nanoclay Technology, a 200 to 300 nanometer thick layer of clay is coated around each particle of sand. Due to the sticking of soil on the particles of sand, the nutrients of the soil get absorbed in it and fertile soil is prepared in which the roots of plants can develop well.

Successful cultivation of watermelon, zucchini and millet was done by adopting this technique during the lockdown in UAE. With the help of this technology, the barren land of Rajasthan can also be made fertile.

Also Read: Soil Health: ‘Barren Earth’ has become the biggest challenge for humanity around the world

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