Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Mahogany Farming can become a great earning source for pulses farmers

Mosquitoes cannot tolerate the smell of mahogany, so mahogany trees must be planted around the houses.


Mahogany Farming | Mahogany is not the answer in terms of ways to increase income from farming. However, mahogany farming is like a long-term investment, as it takes four-five years for the saplings to grow into trees and become the wonderful ‘earning son’ of the farmer. It takes about 6 years for mahogany saplings to attain the form of a mature tree.

It is not that the farmers desirous of mahogany cultivation have to sacrifice their regular income, as it is most appropriate to plant its plants in swampy crop fields. Till maturity, mahogany plants do not cause any economic problems for the farmers, but they keep on supplying the proper amount of ‘nitrogen’, the most precious source of natural fertilizer for pulse plants.

What is the Climate required for Mahogany Cultivation?

The height of the mahogany tree can be from 40 to 200 feet. But the real average length in India is around 60 feet. Its roots do not go very deep. That’s why it is considered a bit delicate and hesitates to apply in areas with strong winds. Mahogany can be planted in any fertile land except waterlogged land. It doesn’t require a lot of water, so pulse fields are perfect for it.

Mahogany likes tropical climates. That’s why it can be grown all over India except in hilly and high-rainfall areas. Normal temperature is suitable for seed germination and development. In the initial years, mahogany plants have to be protected from extreme heat and cold. But the developed trees continue to develop properly even in the temperature of 15 ° C in winter and 35 ° C in summer.

Improved Varieties for Mahogany Cultivation

There is no Indian variety of mahogany. Till now it is grown only through five foreign cuttings. It is called the Cuban, Mexican, African, New Zealand, and Honduran varieties. All varieties of plants are prepared on the basis of yield and quality of seeds. The farmer has to work hard to take proper care of the mahogany plants. That’s why it is more beneficial to adopt two-three years old and well-growing plants from a government-registered company or nursery. Of course, mahogany is also a profitable deal for those who run nurseries.

Disease resistance of Mahogany is unmatched

Due to its medicinal properties, there is no disease on mahogany trees. Therefore, it does not require pesticides. On the contrary, its leaves are also used in making insecticides. But if it is exposed to waterlogging for a long time, it may suffer from stem rot.

Mahogany Farming
Image Credit: stockvault

How to plant the Mahogany tree?

June-July is the best time for transplanting Mahogany saplings. After this, the monsoon phase becomes a favorable environment for the growth of plants. For this, level the field after deep plowing. Then plant the plants at a distance of three to four meters by making rows of pits three feet wide and two feet deep. Fill the pits with soil mixed with organic and chemical fertilizers and irrigate lightly.

Water the plants for 5 to 7 days in summer and 10 to 15 days in winter. The water requirement of growing plants decreases. For mature trees, 5 to 6 irrigations in a year are sufficient. Keep weeding as needed. If mahogany farming is adopted after consulting the experts of the nearest Agricultural Development Center, then after 12-15 years, when the time comes to cut the trees and sell their wood, by then crores are earned per acre.

Mahogany products are very valuable

Mahogany trees are considered very valuable from the commercial point of view because every part of it, such as leaves, flowers, seeds, skins, and wood, are in demand and all get a good price. The wood of mahogany is used to make ships, furniture, plywood, decorative items, sculptures, etc. It is also sold for up to Rs.2000 per cubic foot. Its seeds and flowers are used to make tonic medicines. Mahogany is considered very beneficial for contract farming. That’s why the mahogany tree with unique qualities has been called the earning son of the farmers.

Mahogany Cultivation Cost

1200 to 1500 mahogany trees can be grown in one acre. Its plants range from Rs 25-30 to Rs 100-200. Its price depends on the age of the plant that is going to be used for transplanting and how has it developed. Apart from this, adding fertilizers, labor, and other expenses, the average cost per acre is Rs 1.5 to 2.5 lakh.

Also Read: Weed Management: How to control weeds in Kharif crops? Know the methods suggested by ICAR

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