Maize Cultivation: Yangden Lepcha of Lingthem village of Sikkim took over the responsibility of her family by farming after the death of her husband, today earns three times
Maize is a crop that is cultivated throughout the year
Maize is produced on a large scale after wheat in the country. Maize is eaten by humans as well as animals. Along with this, many other things are also made from maize like corn flakes, many types of snacks etc., due to which its industrial demand is also high. Maize is also beneficial for health as it is rich in protein, vitamins and carbohydrates. Maize is in demand in every form – baby corn, corn, popcorn and flour. Therefore, the cultivation of maize is beneficial. If a little technology and good quality seeds are used in farming, then farmers can earn good profits. Sikkimese women farmer Yangden Lepcha is doing Maize Cultivation.
Who is Yangden Lepcha?
Yangden hails from Lingthem village in North Sikkim district. She is a progressive farmer. After the death of her husband, the responsibility of the family fell on her shoulders. She is also a member of Self Help Group. She is very interested in new techniques, although she used to do farming in traditional way earlier, but after coming in contact with Krishi Vigyan Kendra and ICAR, she got information about new farming techniques. She also got help in maize cultivation from ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ATMA, Agriculture, Horticulture and Animal Husbandry departments. As a result of this, her income is now more than double. Along with taking the help of scientists, she also made use of the service of Kisan Call Center.
Farming with scientific technology
Yangden Lepcha started maize cultivation on 1.5 acres of land under the supervision of agricultural scientists. He received 15 kg seeds of C-1921 variety of 15 kg hybrid maize from the Department of Food Security and Agriculture Development. Along with this, vermicompost was also received from the department itself.
She used scientific techniques from sowing to harvesting. Each seed was sown at a distance of 20 cm while keeping a distance of 45 cm between two rows. The use of scientific technology not only increased the yield of the crop, but also got good quality.
More than double profit
Where the traditional method yielded 13 quintals per hectare, it has now increased to 24.35 quintals per hectare. Not only this, the price of the crop increased from Rs 25 per kg to Rs 35 per kg due to good quality. In the traditional way, where they used to earn about 24 thousand rupees, with the use of scientific technology it increased to about 77 thousand rupees.
Other improved varieties of maize
In India, maize is mainly cultivated in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. More yield per hectare can be obtained by cultivating these improved varieties of maize, Ganga Safed 2, Ganga 11, Sartaj, DKH- 9705, Malviya Hybrid Maize 290/95, Pusa Sankar 5, Deccan 107, HQP M5, Deccan 101 etc.
Seeing the success of Yangden Lepcha, other farmers of the area were also inspired to do farming like him. You too can increase your income by growing improved varieties of maize and using new technologies.
Contact us: If farmers want to share information or experiences related to farming with us, then they can do this by calling us on the phone number 9599273766 or by writing an email to [email protected] or by sending your recording. Through Kisan of India, we will convey your message to the people, because we believe that if the farmers are advanced then the country is happy.