Ankush Giri succeeded in Pearl Farming by learning from failures
Little things related to pearl farming are very important.
Pearl Farming | Ankush Giri is a young farmer from Haryana who has a Diploma in Engineering. He thought of doing a business completely different from his studies, and after many ups and downs, today, he is entirely successful in his business. Not only this, today, he has become a successful farmer-entrepreneur in Haryana. He is also a source of inspiration for many youths, earning lakhs from a business that is still unknown to many.
Apart from traditional farming, pearl farming has taken Ankush to success. But his journey took work. In the beginning, failure also came in handy, but learning from his failures, he went ahead and became a successful entrepreneur. Gaurav Manral, the correspondent of Kisan of India, spoke to Ankush Giri about how farmers can start pearl farming with proper training and earn good profit.
Why choose Pearl Farming?
Ankush Giri says that it was during his Diploma in Engineering that he had in his mind to start his own business. Worked for a few days, then thought about mushroom farming, but then came to know about pearl farming, so he researched about it and took some training, and then started a startup business.
Ankush Giri implanted oysters from big rivers and seas of South India and is doing pearl farming on a large scale today. But Ankush says that initially, he failed as well. That’s why he advises the farmers that if they want to start a business, they assume there will be no profit in the initial year. If they are ready to bear the loss for a few years, then only come in business or startup because no business gives profit in 2-4 months only.
Farmers should start with how many tanks
Ankush says that in 2019 he started his business at home with 1500 oysters in a tank. Then gradually take it forward, rectify the mistakes and learn new things by training at many places. He advises the farmers that if they want to do pearl farming independently, then start with 2-3 tanks or 1000 to 2000 oysters, but yes if they work in association with a firm or a prominent farmer Can start a large-scale business as they will get backend support.
Varieties of Pearls and Where do Oysters come from
Ankush says that there are 64 varieties of oysters in our country, but he cultivates only Lamellidens marginalis, Lamellidens corrianus, because both these oysters give good quality pearls. Not only this, almost all the farmers of our country cultivate both these varieties. He further explains that oysters can be brought from the coastal parts of the country like areas like Telangana, Assam, Howrah, Bihar where there is fresh water i.e., sweet water, farmers will get oysters from there. They will get good quality oysters within 6 to 20 rupees.
What kind of Water
Ankush explains that oysters found in salt water are called oysters and those found in fresh water are called oysters. They can be cultivated anywhere, just for this the pH balance and TDS of the water should be correct. TDS should be below 1000.
Tank Size and Cost
Ankush explains that the standard size of the tank should be 15 feet in length, 5 feet in width and 8-9 inches of slope. Its height should be 4-5 feet, which can be increased up to 7. It is necessary to have drainage in the middle and for this, put big pipes, so that the water gets out quickly. 1200 to 1300 oysters can be put in a tank. It costs 20-25 thousand to make a tank. It could be a bit high as wages differ from place to place.
If you also want to cultivate pearls, then the time from October to February is right for oyster implant. Ankush says that you can drag it till March 15-20 at the most. After that summer starts, then pearl farming should not be done.
What to keep in mind
- Use a net bag with large holes, as it does not trap red bugs. Plant the oysters leaving some space from above, because the water of the tank gets heated from above. It can kill the oysters.
- Water should have TDS, PH balance.
- Do oyster installation from October to March.
- The water parameter should be correct, suppose ammonia increases then oysters will die. So check that after installation.
How much profit
Ankush says that even a small farmer can earn a profit of lakhs of rupees from pearl farming. Suppose 1200 oysters are put in a tank and 800 oysters remain in it. From this the farmer will get 1600 pearls.
The market rate of pearl can be from 100 to 400 according to the quality of pearl. If a pearl is sold even for 100, then the farmer will earn up to 1 lakh 60 thousand rupees. Its cost is 50 to 60 thousand, so in this case one lakh can be earned comfortably.
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