What is Air Pressure Technique in Pomegranate Cultivation?
Pomegranate is the most profitable horticulture crop.
Pomegranate cultivation is done the most in states like Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh. It requires a warm and slightly dry climate for its sound production. It only requires a little water for its production. That’s why pomegranates can be cultivated even in areas with less water. Since pomegranate is in demand throughout the year, its cultivation is always profitable for the farmers.
Pomegranate is an important horticulture crop in our country. The pomegranate plant becomes a tree in three to four years and starts bearing fruits. A pomegranate plant bears fruit for about 25 years. Pomegranate cultivation is usually done by preparing seedlings in the nursery. Still, farmers can also prepare their seedlings by air pressure technique, which starts producing faster than the plants grown from seeds.
The pomegranate crop grows best in sandy loam. Apart from this, pomegranate cultivation can also be done in sandy soil, but for this proper management of fertilizer is necessary. The pH value of the soil should be 6.5 to 7.5 for pomegranate cultivation. The best time to transplant pomegranate plants is from July to August. If there is sufficient facility of irrigation then transplanting can be done between February-March also, but for grafting, transplanting should be done in rainy season only. Drip irrigation technique is good for its irrigation.
Prepare plants with Air Pressure Technique
Air pressure is a very good technique, with the help of which you can get more production by preparing many plants from pomegranate tree. For this, always choose a pomegranate tree of good quality so that the new plant also gets its qualities. In this technique, first of all take the branch of the tree which is one year old and whose thickness is like a pencil. About 10 to 15 cm from the base of the chosen branch. At a distance of 2.5 to 3 cm. m. (Girdling) The bark is removed to shape. Then this part is covered using moist moss grass. Due to this, the moisture remains for a long time.
After this, the moss grass is covered with thin transparent polythene and tied. After about 2-3 months, roots start appearing from the polythene strip. Then the newly grown roots are separated from the main tree by pruning and are planted in the soil in the nursery, where the plants are properly cared for. This technique should be used only in July-August, because then there is more moisture in the weather, which gives 100% success.
Advantages of Air Pressure Technology
Plants prepared by this method give quicker and higher yields than those produced from seeds. By choosing a high yielding and good quality tree, those qualities also come in the finished plant.
Things to keep in mind
- For air pressure method, choose a branch of such a tree which does not have any disease.
- While cutting the bark from the branch, keep in mind that the cut should be only in the bark, not in the wood.
- Before using sphagnum moss grass, soak it thoroughly with water so that the moisture remains.
- After planting grass on the cut branch, cover it with plastic and tie it well with twine so that the grass does not move from that place.
- Separate it from the main plant only after it has taken root well from the place of air pressure.
Nutritional Elements of Pomegranate
Pomegranate is a very nutritious fruit. Nutrients like fiber, vitamins K, C and B, iron, potassium, zinc and omega-6 fatty acids are found in it, which help in keeping the body healthy. Hence the demand for pomegranate is very high. Pomegranate fruit and plant extracts are also used to treat many diseases.
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