World Pulses Day: Pulse crops increase the fertile capacity ?
India is the world's largest producer of pulses, Know what is the history of World Pulses Day
World Pulses Day is celebrated all over the world on 10 February. The purpose of this day is to make people aware of the importance of pulses. The United General Assembly announced in 2018 that World Pulses Day would be celebrated every year on 10 February. Pulses are extremely important for nutrition and food security. Lentils, rich in many nutrients, not only provide health benefits, but also make the soil fertile.
Pulses are boon for soil health
Pulses are not only important for the nutrition of humans and animals, but they also make the land on which they are grown fertile for future crops. Pulses crops have special importance for the farmers of the country. Pulses crops consume less water. Pulses can be grown in drought-prone and rainfed areas. They improve soil fertility by conserving nitrogen in the soil. This increases the yield potential of the farm. The need for fertilizers is less, and the emission of greenhouse gases is less.
Apart from making the farmers financially strong, it also protects their families from malnutrition. This is the reason why governments around the world celebrate World Pulses Day to highlight the importance of pulses for nutrition and food security.
India is the largest producer of pulses
India produces about 25% of the total pulses produced in the world. Thus India is the largest producer of pulses. The country produced 25.72 million tonnes of pulses in 2020-21.
According to the first advance estimates of production of major Kharif crops for 2021-22 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, the total pulses production during 2021-22 has been estimated at 9.45 million tonnes. This is 1.39 million tonnes more than the average Kharif Pulses production of 8.06 million tonnes.
This time the area under pulses has also increased by 50,000 hectares as compared to last year. Pulses are produced in India in both Rabi and Kharif seasons. Pulses find a prominent place in India’s National Food Security Mission and other programmes.
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