Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Impact of Climate Change on Farmers

National impacts of climate variability and climate change on crops, horticulture, livestock, and fisheries


The country has initiated actions to address problems that may arise due to climate change. These efforts have provided valuable inputs in terms of the regional and national impacts of climate variability and climate change on crops.

Through its programs and schemes, focused on climate-resilient agriculture. Appropriate adaptation strategies have been designed to ensure food security, better livelihood opportunities and economic stability.

The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), one of the Missions under the National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC), includes programmatic interventions such as Soil Health Card (SHC). Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY). Development of the Organic Value Chain of the Mission for the North Eastern Region (MOVCDNER). Development of Rainfed Areas (RAD), National Bamboo Mission (NBM) and Agro Forestry Submission (SMAF).

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These and other programs, including Prime Minister Krishi Sinchayee Yojana’s (PMKSY). Ensure judicious use of natural resources. Assistance is provided under the NFSM for, climate-resilient varieties of food grains.

Under NMSA following ten deliverables are monitored:

i) Area under organic farming,

ii) Production of Bio-fertilizers,

iii) Precision Irrigation,

iv) SRI/ Direct Seeded Rice from Transplantation,

v) Crop diversification,

vi) Additional Area under plantation in Arable land,

vii) Climate Resilient Varieties (CRV) Identified/ Released,

viii a) Identification of genotypes of crops with enhanced CO2 fixation potential and less water consumption & Nutrients,

viii b) Climate Resilient genotypes with greater adaptation to drought, flood, salinity and high temperature,

ix) Coverage of milch animals under ration balancing programme and

x) Establishment of bypass protein feed making unit.

Integrated Farming Systems

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has developed 45 models for climate-resilient Integrated Farming Systems (IFS). Which are replicated in Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) for demonstration and extended through the Rainfed Area Development (RAD) programme. Climate resilient villages have been developed, one in each of 151 districts under the project National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA).

This follows a multi-pronged strategy encompassing strategic research on adaptation, mitigation and demonstration of technologies on farmers’ fields to create awareness, aiming mainly to evolve crop varieties tolerant to climatic stresses like floods, droughts, frost, inundation due to cyclones and heat waves. An atlas on vulnerability of Indian agriculture to climate change has been prepared by Central Research Institute of Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Hyderabad. District Agriculture Contingency Plans for 648 districts have been prepared for managing weather aberrations for sustainable agriculture.

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