Adopt Multilayer Farming technique to shine on
Get 6 to 8 times more income in 4 times less cost than traditional farming
Multilayer farming or co-cropped farming or mixed farming is the best technique for farmers who want to shine their luck in farming. Farmers with small and medium holdings learn the tricks of multilayer farming and master it. Then only their economic-social condition can be miraculously rejuvenated.
Farmers who want to move forward on the path of multilayer farming must take training to learn its nuances. This training should be taken from an experienced farmer or agricultural expert only. Only such person can decide what, how and why for different farmers in our country with different regions and different climates in terms of multilayer farming. How appropriate would it be?
The technique of multilayer farming can also be very effective for non-irrigated areas, as it requires less water and fertilizers. Because of this, the cost of crops remains low, while the farmers doing multilayer farming get the same price for their produce in the market as the farmers with higher input costs. By adopting multilayer farming, the fertility of the farmers’ fields continuously improves.
What is multilayer farming?
This is such a technique or method of farming, under which many crops are grown together in the same season from the same field. But it should be done judiciously, so that it does not happen that one crop can create a wrong effect on the other. That’s why proper training is very important to understand the nuances of multilayer farming.
To explain multilayer farming more easily, it can be compared to a multi-storey building built on land. Just as if only the ground floor is built on the ground, then the amount of space available for use increases manifold with each floor that is built above it. Similarly, if one crop is cultivated in a field at a time, then the amount of income will increase in the same proportion as the number of crops will increase if several crops are grown simultaneously on the same land.
How is multilayer farming beneficial?
Understand the benefits of multilayer farming with an example, then if only ginger or turmeric is produced in a field, then there will be only income from ginger or turmeric, but if two-three other crops are grown along with ginger or turmeric in the same field. It is natural for income to increase. This is the specialty of multilayer farming. In this, turmeric or ginger will be the first layer or layer to be produced under the ground, because these are tubers and their main development takes place under the ground.
As the second layer of multilayer farming, such crops are selected whose main growth is above the ground surface, like vegetables etc. For the third layer, trees that give fruit or timber are planted judiciously on this land. Papaya is very popular in this category because its tree does not grow very big, does not block much sunlight, fruits grow quickly in it and the price is also easily available in the market.
If such crops are selected as the fourth layer, then they take nutrition from the field, but which are spread in the form of creeper or vine on those structures or scaffolding etc. which are made of bamboo etc. One or the other crop is grown in every season. Farmers just have to select the crop suitable to the season and plant it around the ridges or at such a place, from where there is no adverse effect on other crops.
In this way, when the farmers prepare their field for multilayer farming, only then they make arrangements for fertilizers etc. according to the rest of the crops. Irrigation done for one crop fulfills the water needs of other crops as well. These features attract farmers towards multilayer farming.
Multilayer farming is ideal in organic farming
If multilayer farming is done with the methods of organic farming, then the results are like ‘icing on gold’. Many farmers of the country, who do multilayer farming by combining both the techniques, earn up to Rs 15 lakh annually even from a small holding of two and a half acres.
One crop cycle of multilayer farming is of four months. In this, leafy vegetables like spinach, fenugreek, coriander are grown along with seasonal vegetables like ginger, turmeric, garlic, onion, radish etc. Under the third layer, shade crops are planted like bottle gourd, gourd, bitter gourd, cucumber etc. For those doing farming in polyhouse, the benefit of multilayer farming increases even more.
If multilayer farming and organic farming are also linked with cow-buffalo rearing and drip irrigation system, then the farmer’s income can be better, because due to animal husbandry, organic manure will be easily made and drip system will save water and fuel. . Experts have calculated that if farmers do farming using these modern techniques, their total cost can be reduced by up to four times as compared to traditional farming, while the income will increase by 6 to 8 times.
Training of Multilayer Farming
Farmers interested in Multilayer farming technique should first of all understand that there is scope for adopting this technology in their area after consulting the experts of Krishi Vigyan Kendra of their district. After this it should be decided that how and from where will they get proper training? Farmers should adopt multilayer farming only after collecting all the information and then do their work with full devotion. Multilayer farming cannot be very beneficial for half-hearted or careless farmers or those who rely on others. The success of this technology lies in its smart implementation. Multilayer farming is not a work of magic or spells.
Akash Chaurasia, a young farmer from Sagar district of Madhya Pradesh, who has earned a big name in the field of multilayer farming, says that it takes two months for ginger shoots to sprout. During this time the greens of amaranth are prepared. Ginger fetches a good price in the rains. Similarly, as soon as the heat goes away, the yield from Kundru continues to grow in the rains. Papayas on the other side of five feet are laden with fruits. After ginger, layer of potato, brinjal, bitter gourd and papaya will be ready in this field. This cycle will continue throughout the year, only the crops will keep changing.
Contact us: If farmers want to share information or experiences related to farming with us, then they can do this by calling us on the phone number 9599273766 or by writing an email to [email protected] or by sending your recording. Through Kisan of India, we will convey your message to the people, because we believe that if the farmers are advanced then the country is happy.