Know from Farmer Prem Pal about the things to keep in mind for profitable Chilli Farming
Chilli farming for 30 years.
Chilli Farming | Chilli has been used as a spice for centuries. In Indian homes, things do not work without chillies. The demand for this crop remains constant throughout the year. Hence, the cultivation of chillies is beneficial for the farmers.
In India, chillies are cultivated on a large scale in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. Although chilli can be cultivated in both light and heavy soils, light soils with good drainage give more yield. Kisan of India correspondent Sarvesh Bundeli spoke to farmer Prem Pal about what things need to be kept in mind for more profit from chilli cultivation and some very important things related to it.
Cultivating Chilli for 30 years
Prem Pal, who started farming around 30 years ago to support the family, says he started chilli farming out of compulsion but continued after seeing the profits it made. For 30 years, his journey of farming continues unabated. Presently, he also cultivates seasonal vegetables like Custard Apple, Zucchini, Ghia, Maize, Fenugreek, and Spinach. Along with all this, he is cultivating chillies on 2 bighas of land.
Sapling is ready in 4 months
Chilli cultivation is done by preparing its seedlings in nurseries instead of sowing seeds directly in the fields, as they are very delicate. Prem Pal explains that bigger saplings should always be planted in the field from the nursery because small saplings can die by drowning in water.
He further told that it takes about 4 months for the sapling to get ready. After this, when the plants are planted in the field, after 2.5 months they start bearing fruits, which last for 6-7 months. They say that when harvesting starts, harvesting should be done in 5-6 days and only big chillies should be plucked, small ones should be left.
Take care of Distance
Prem Pal says that for a good crop, it is very important that the plants keep getting air. For this, it is necessary to take care of the distance while transplanting the sapling. He says that a plant should have a distance of one and a half feet from all sides. It helps them to can get enough air and sunlight. If densely planted, the plants will not bear fruit. He has planted about 5 thousand saplings in his two bigha fields i.e. 2500 saplings per bigha.
Fertilizing, Watering and Weeding
Prem Pal explains that the balanced use of fertilizers and water is very important in chilli farming. If there is too much water, the plants rot and die. Also, if too much fertilizer is applied, the crop gets damaged. That’s why it is very important for farmers to take care of the correct quantity. Along with this, weeding is also very important.
He says that weeding should not be done before the fruits come, but after that, the field should be cleaned from time to time. It is necessary to have proper management of water drainage in the field. Not only this but when the plant starts growing, soil also has to be offered. Plants should be irrigated only when the soil is dry. When the field gets too much water during the rainy season, it is very important to transfer it to another field. Otherwise, the plants will die.
Disease and Pest Protection
Prem Pal says that it is necessary to save the crop from diseases and pests for more crops. Due to some diseases, the fruits start falling or start drying. In such a situation, he uses medicine in the plants to save them. It is necessary to keep an eye on the plants daily as soon as the symptoms of pests and diseases are seen, put medicine for them.
Also produces seeds
Prem Pal is a progressive farmer who has gradually learned a lot from his experiences. Now he doesn’t buy seeds from others but rather makes seeds himself. He also sells them to others. As far as earning is concerned, he says that it is not fixed. The chillies rate fluctuates and thus sold at Rs 10 per kg to Rs 30 per kg. He gets a good profit from its cultivation and that’s why he has been engaged in its farming for the last 30 years.
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