Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Taro Root advanced varieties give more benefits

Arabi can be cultivated along with other crops as well

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Taro Root or Arabi is a tuber vegetable, which grows underground like a potato. It is also called Ghoiya, Kochai etc. Apart from making vegetable of colocasia, pakodas are also made from its leaves. Arabi is considered beneficial for gastric patients. Arbi’s tubers mainly contain starch, while the leaves contain vitamin A, calcium, phosphorus and iron. Arabi or Taro Root can also be cultivated along with crops like onion and potato. This gives more profit to the farmers. Farmers can get good income by cultivating improved varieties of Arabi.

taro root
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Improved varieties of Arabi or Taro Root 

Rajendra Arabi – This variety of Arabi is specially cultivated in Bihar. Its crop is ready in 160-180 days after sowing. Its average yield potential is 18-20 tonnes per hectare.

White sparrow- In many varieties of Arabi, itching starts after eating the tuber and leaves, but this does not happen in this variety. Arabi starts yielding in 180-190 days after sowing. Its per hectare yield potential is 170-190 quintals.

 taro root
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Panchmukhi- This variety of Arabi plant has 5 main buds. That’s why it is called Panchmukhi. The crop is ready in 180-200 days after transplanting. The yield of this variety is much higher than other varieties. The average yield potential is 200-250 quintals per hectare.

Muktakeshi- This variety is grown for high yield in less time. The crop is ready only 160-170 days after planting the tubers. Its average yield potential is 200 quintals per hectare.

 taro root
Image Credit: ICAR

Azad Arabi 1- This variety is also going to give more production in less time. The yield starts only about 120 days after sowing the tuber. Its average yield potential is 280 quintals per hectare. Its plants are of normal size.

taro root
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Narendra Arabi – The crop is ready only after 160-170 days of sowing the seeds of this variety. The special thing is that the whole plant of this variety can be eaten. Its colour is completely green and the average production per hectare is 150 quintals.

Soil and weather for Arabi cultivation 

Although Arabi can be cultivated in any type of soil, but sandy loam soil is considered best for this. For good yield, there should be proper drainage system in the field. The pH value of the soil should be between 5.5 to 7. Warm weather is suitable for Arabi cultivation. The crop is good in 20 to 35 degree temperature. Arabi cultivation is done in rainy and summer season.

 taro root
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How is sowing done? 

Arabi is sown in the form of tubers. About 15-20 quintals of seeds are required in one hectare of land. Before sowing the tubers must be treated with Bavistin or Ridomil MZ-72. Then the tubers are planted. Sowing can be done in two ways. First by making beds in flat land and second by preparing bunds in the field. In both the methods, tubers are sown at a depth of 5 cm.

If the Arabi or Taro Root crop is planted in the rainy season, then there is no need for much irrigation. Irrigation should be done from time to time in the summer season and weed control is also necessary in a natural way. 

Taro root
Image Credit: ICAR

Also Read: Teasel Gourd: Kantola cultivation is the best way to earn extra income, know where to get Kantola seeds and how to do farming

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