The first 4 weeks are very important in backyard poultry farming, learn the right methods of poultry farming from poultry experts
Small-holding farmers and landless can also earn good money from poultry farming
In backyard poultry farming, chickens are reared in the courtyard or the vacant space behind the house. There are many benefits of backyard poultry farming but some precautions have to be taken.
Along with agriculture, animal husbandry and poultry farming have grown rapidly in the country. Like animal husbandry, poultry farming is an income generating business for 12 months of the year. Keeping in view the increasing demand for eggs, poultry farming is becoming a good earning employment. Poultry farming business can be done easily with farming. Such farmers who have less land or who are landless, they can earn good profit by doing this work. Farmers can start this work with less space and less cost. Nowadays, the business of domestic poultry farming is very fast. Bhima Raju of Tumkur district of Karnataka does backyard poultry farming by free range method.
Difference between farm and free range poultry
Chickens get an open environment in the free range. Bhim Raju explains that there is a difference between rearing poultry in the farm and the free range. The chickens on the farm do not get a place to roam, but the chickens in the free range have open space where they can roam freely. Bhima Raju says that by getting such an open environment, the chickens are exercised and they remain fit. According to Bhim Raju, free range means that the risk of serious diseases to the chickens is less due to poultry farming in the open environment because they take their food directly from nature and grow in between.
Getting the right environment and good nutrition is very important
It is very important for these chickens to get the right environment and nutrition. Bhima Raju has also cultivated papaya there. These chickens eat the pests which are in the papaya crop. In this way, they not only get nutrients, but they also protect the crop from damage. At the same time, the waste of chickens is used as manure.
One egg costs 8 to 10 rupees
Bhima Raju has raised chickens of indigenous breed. He tells that local chicken eggs get good price in the market. There is more demand than production. A hen lays 100 eggs in a year, then 10 thousand eggs come from 100 hens in a year. An egg sells for 8 to 10 rupees. In this way, raising 200 chickens earns up to 2 lakh rupees in an year.
Take special care of these things in poultry farming
Bhim Raju explains that there are many benefits of backyard poultry farming, so some precautions have to be taken. For example, in backyard poultry farming, chickens are at risk from other animals. For this, Bhima Raju has put a net of 5 feet around the area. With this neither these chickens can go out nor any other animal can come in.
Raise multicoloured chickens
There are many benefits of backyard poultry farming but there are also some disadvantages. In backyard poultry farming, it is important for the parents to take care of many important things, such as which breed, which colour chicken should be raised. Dr. Pratap Kumar, Deputy Director, Central Poultry Development Organization and Training Institute, Bangalore, says that white poultry should not be reared in backyard poultry because they can be easily hunted by other animals and birds. Multicoloured chickens are best for backyard poultry, as they mix with the color and look of the environment, while white chickens stand out.
The first three to four weeks are very important in poultry farming
Dr. Pratap Kumar says that farmers think that these chicks are suitable for backyard farming, they buy the chicks born a day earlier and leave them in the backyard. In such a situation, the mortality rate of these chicks will be 80 to 85 percent. They need to be cared for, by the female for the first three to four weeks. The female sits on the eggs and gives them warmth. When the chicks come out, the female takes care of them. Seeing a bird coming, she bows down and protects her children with her wings. Seeing the vulture coming, the chickens take their young ones and go to the bushes. In the absence of all these, it is the responsibility of the poultry farmer to take care of him well. The chicks should be kept indoors for the first four weeks, providing them with a balanced diet and complete maintenance.
Take care of good diet and vaccination
Dr. Pratap Kumar says that the farmers who want to do backyard poultry farming, they should form a group, choose one from among themselves, who has the basic facilities to do poultry farming. Give him the responsibility of taking care of all the chicks born the day before. Keep the chicks indoors for four weeks with proper diet, vaccination, and complete maintenance. Then take them out four weeks later during the day and let them find their own food. By the sixth week they will be ready to find their own food. Get them the second vaccine in the sixth week itself. If farmers take care of all these things related to poultry farming, then they can earn good income and profit.
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