Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Zero Budget Natural Farming helps solve water problem

The quality of the crop has improved and it is also full of nutrients


Malleshappa Gulappa Bisrotti, a resident of Dharwad district of Karnataka, has been doing Zero Budget Natural Farming for the last almost 12 years. Since 2019, there has been less rainfall in Dharwad district. One has to travel a long way even to fetch drinking water. At the same time, farmers have to face problems like water shortage for agricultural purposes. In these difficult circumstances, Bisrotti adopted Zero Budget Natural Farming as an alternative method of crop production.

Also Read: Golden opportunity in Mushroom Farming

How to start Zero Budget Natural Farming? 

Bisrotti chose zero budget natural farming considering the water problem in his area. Initially he started farming using Farm Yard Manure (FYM) method, compost and vermi-compost. Farm yard manure is prepared using cattle dung, urine, wasted feed and other dairy waste. Balanced nutrients are available to the plants through this mixture. In four consecutive years of use, he noticed that his crops were getting better. In this way, he tried everything related to zero budget farming in his farming.

He first used liquid Jeevamrit, but it requires a lot of water to prepare. Seeing the scarcity of water, he started experimenting with making Solid Jeevamrutha instead of liquid Jeevamrutha. He got success in this. Today, for the last 8 years, he is growing crops using Ghan Jeevamrit.

Ingredients needed to make Ghan Jeevamrit: 

10 kg desi cow or bull dung

250 grams lentil flour (any pulse)

250 grams jaggery

1.5 to 2.0 liters of cow urine

500 g fertile soil

How is Ghan Jeevamrit prepared?

Collect 10 kg cow dung at one place. Then mix 500 grams of fertile soil, 250 grams of pulse flour and 250 grams of jaggery in cow urine. Then mix this mixture well in cow dung. Now spread this Jeevamrit in a shady place for 24 hours and cover it with a cloth, sack or polythene.

Next day, remove the gunny bag and leave it to dry in shade for 25 to 30 days. After drying, break the Ghan Jeevamrit into small pieces. Fill it in a bag or sack and keep it. Farmers can use it for 6 months.

How to use Ghan Jeevamrit?

It can be applied at the time of sowing of the field. Whenever it is applied, there should be moisture in the field. While sowing by machine, seeds can be given in one pipe and solid Jeevamrut can be given in another pipe. You can also sow by mixing both of them in the machine. Ghan Jivamrit contains crores of bacteria in a subtle state. After putting in the field, these bacteria start spreading, which provide essential nutrients to the crop.

In addition, Bisrotti also noticed the development of a large number of earthworms. Put 2.5 liters of water in 20 kg cube of Jeevamrit for three days. After 45 days, they found about 1,000 earthworms in one tray.

Eliminated dependency on rain water 

He gets 20 kg vermi-compost from each tray. This vermi-compost is mixed with manure and Ghan Jeevamrit and is used in crops. With the help of this new method of preparing Ghan Jeevamrit and vermi-compost, he produces 10 metric tonnes of vermi-compost and 5000 kg of Ghan Jeevamrit every year. Apart from this, 200 kg of neem cake is also prepared from the seeds collected from neem trees. Neem leaves are used for vermi-compost production. He says that by using these organic products, his crop is better than the crop grown from non-organic farming.

Bisrotti believes that in zero budget natural farming, the quality is not only better, but its shelf life is also good. Bisrotti says that if farmers do farming with the method adopted by them, then the farmers will not be dependent on rain water.

Also Read: These women farmers of Punjab run more than two thousand organic kitchen gardens, you can also start one

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