Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Pearl Farming: How to do Pearl Farming? Where to get Free Training?

It takes about 15 to 20 months to prepare a pearl.


The demand for pearls is increasing in the domestic market as well as in the international market. Seeing the benefits of pearl cultivation, farmers have started showing interest in its cultivation. If pearl farming is done scientifically and with training, then good-quality pearls can be cultivated. Farmers can earn a good profit by selling it in the market.

Apart from the traditional farming of fruits, vegetables, and grains, farmers have now started farming out of the box to earn more profit, and pearl farming is also one such farming. Farmers can get huge profits at low cost if they start this work after proper training. There is a lot of demand for pearls in the country and foreign markets, so farmers can earn well by selling them. If you also want to do pearl farming, know some important related things.

Pearl Farming
Image Credit: ICAR

How is Natural Pearl made?

Pearl is made by an organism living inside the sea called Oyster. It lives inside a hard shell called an oyster. A pearl is formed inside this oyster. Actually, when a sand particle enters the oyster, the snail starts applying layer upon layer of oyster material on this particle and this layer is of calcium carbonate. After some time a pearl is formed inside the oyster. This is the natural process of making pearls, but in its cultivation, pearls are created artificially by adding some substance inside the oyster.

How to start Pearl Farming?

To start pearl farming, a pond is required. A pearl is produced by the passage of foreign particles inside the oyster. It takes about 15 to 20 months to get ready. Pearl crystals are formed from calcium carbonate. The favorable time for pearl cultivation is considered to be between October to December.

Pearl Farming:
Image Credit: ICAR

How to prepare Oysters?

  • First put the oyster in the open water.
  • Then remove them after 2 to 3 days.
  • This softens the shell and muscles of the oyster..
  • Make a hole of 2 to 3 mm on the surface of the oyster.
  • Put a small piece of sand in this hole.
  • Keep 2 to 3 oysters in a nylon bag and leave them in the pond with the help of bamboo or any pipe.
  • It takes 15 to 20 months to prepare a pearl from an oyster, after that the pearl is removed by breaking the shell.
Pearl Farming
Image Credit: ICAR

What is the math of earning from Pearl Farming?

The price of pearls in the market ranges from Rs.300 to Rs.1500. If your prepared pearl is of good quality, then you can get up to ten thousand rupees for this designer pearl. The cost of one oyster comes around 15 to 30 rupees.

Suppose you have a 500 feet pond. You have put 100 oysters in it. If each pearl is sold for an average of Rs 1000, then a total of Rs 1 lakh can be earned from 100 pearls. If you want, you can also increase your earnings by increasing the number of oysters.

Pearl Farming
Image Credit: CIFA

How to get Free Training?

A wing has been created under the Indian Council for Agricultural Research. The name of this wing is CIFA i.e. Central Institute of Fresh Water Aquaculture. It gives free pearl farming training. Its headquarter is in Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha. Anyone can take 15 days training here. If you wish, you can also take training from their regional centers Bhatinda, Bangalore, Rahara and Vijayawada. For more information, contact their website As much as training is necessary for pearl cultivation, it is equally important to maintain it properly.

Also Read: Innovative Organic Pearl Farming changed lives

Contact us – If farmers want to share any valuable information or experiences related to farming, they can connect with us via phone or whatsapp at 9599273766 or you can write to us at “”. Through Kisan of India, we will convey your message to the people, because we believe that if the farmers are advanced then the country is happy.

You can connect with Kisan of India on FacebookTwitter, and Whatsapp and Subscribe to our YouTube channel.

Leave a comment