Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Capsicum grown in Polyhouse, using Plastic Mulching Technique

Polyhouse is best for cultivation of capsicum and cucumber.


Plastic Mulching Technique | The consumption of capsicum has increased in our country, but even today it is not cultivated everywhere. Its commercial cultivation is done in Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and some areas of Uttar Pradesh. Cultivation of capsicum is beneficial for farmers because it is costlier than other vegetables.

The crop is good when capsicum is grown in a polyhouse, that’s why many farmers prepare polyhouse by spending lakhs of rupees and then grow different types of vegetables in it throughout the year.

One such farmer is Nepal Singh Parihar from Madhya Pradesh, who is growing cucumber and capsicum in a polyhouse. Akshay Dubey, the correspondent of Kisan of India, discussed some very important things like how he is doing Capsicum Farming and what are the important things to keep in mind during its cultivation in Polyhouse.

Plastic Mulching Technique

Use of hybrid seeds and plastic mulching

Nepal Singh says that last year he planted cucumber crops in his one-acre polyhouse and this time capsicum has been planted. Before transplanting the plants, he mixed cow dung and fertilizers to prepare the soil. He further explains that he has used plastic mulching to protect the plants from weeds. This does not require weeding. Plants grow well. The cost of applying mulching on one acre is about Rs 9000.

With careful use, it can be used for up to 3 years. Nepal Singh uses hybrid seeds in farming. The cost of one seed is Rs 8. The specialty of these seeds is that the plants start bearing fruits within 40-45 days of transplanting.

Plastic Mulching Technique

Plant Preparation

Capsicum seeds are not sown directly in the field. Nepal Singh says that first its saplings are prepared in the nursery. It costs one to 1.25 lakh rupees to prepare the sapling. After the sapling is prepared, it is transplanted in the fields by making ridges. A distance of 40 cm is maintained between the plants to give them space to grow. Nepal Singh has tied all the plants with the help of wire so that the branches do not break due to the weight of the fruits and the fruits develop well so that the fruits and leaves do not get spoiled due to water.

Plastic Mulching Technique

What are the things to keep in mind?

Polyhouse has the facility to control the temperature according to the crop. Although the polyhouse remains closed from all sides, due to which there is no outbreak of insects, etc., if more people start coming and going inside the polyhouse, then insects can come. That’s why not many people are allowed to enter the polyhouse and a special spray is sprayed on those who enter.

Despite this, caterpillars can be found in the plants, which ruins the crop. To prevent this, the medicine is sprayed. Nepal Singh says that for a good crop, the temperature inside the polyhouse should be 27-28 degrees.

Plastic Mulching Technique

How much is the crop?

Nepal Singh says that he gets up to 24-25 tonnes of crop in a season. Last year, he extracted 22 tonnes of cucumber from this polyhouse. Regarding the problem of the market, he says that he takes his crop to the nearest Datian Mandi as well as Gwalior, Jhansi. Where they get a good price for the crop, they sell the crop there.

Also Read: Sanchit Agarwal tells how Farmers can prepare the Market for Organic Farming

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