Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Malabar Neem Cultivation can make Farmers Rich

Wood is used in furniture and construction works.

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Malabar Neem Cultivation | There are many trees and plants in our country which not only have medicinal properties but their wood is used for making furniture to fuel, and farmers can earn extra by planting such trees. But it is a pity that the farmers do not know much about these trees and plants, so they do not benefit from them.

One such versatile plant with medicinal properties is Melia Dubia, known as Malabar Neem, Horse Neem, Mahaneem, etc. Its specialty is that it can be grown nationwide, as it grows easily in hot to cold climates. Let us know how the cultivation of Melia Dubia can be beneficial for the farmers.

Uses of Melia Dubia

Melia Dubia is a versatile plant. Its leaves feed animals, while its wood is used in everything from making furniture to making other items and construction works.

Wood is still burnt as fuel in the villages, the wood of Melia Dubia can also be used as fuel. Melia Dubia has medicinal properties, and its leaves look like neem. It treats skin, stomach, and eye problems caused by viruses. Its leaves can prevent any infection.

Malabar Neem Cultivation
Image Credit: researhgate

What is its Specialty?

The cultivation of Melia Dubia will be beneficial for the farmers in every way. By selling its wood and using the leaves as animal feed, its pesticide expenditure will also be saved. Melia Dubia can also be grown with other crops, and when its leaves fall on other crops, the disease outbreak is reduced because it works as an insecticide.

Not only this, but it also works as a natural poly house. Its plant grows to about 1 foot every month, and its length reaches about 36 feet in 3 years. Melia Dubia gets ready in 5 to 6 years.

Soil and Climate

Although Melia Dubia can be cultivated in all types of soil, but dry red, red loam, alluvial and black soil is considered best for its good yield. The plant requires 30-35 degree temperature for good growth, but it can be cultivated at 0 to 45 degree temperatures.

Malabar Neem Cultivation
Image Credit: farmingindia

Field Preparation and Planting

Before planting Malabar neem, plow the field thoroughly 2-3 times. Instead of its direct sowing, plants are prepared in the nursery and after 6-8 months, these plants are transplanted by digging a pit in the field. Before planting the seeds in the nursery, they are treated by putting them in cow dung solution for 24 hours. It is most appropriate to plant it in monsoon.

Irrigation and Weed Control

Although its plants grow even in less water, but regular irrigation should be done for good growth of plants. Irrigation is not required much during monsoon, but in normal weather irrigation should be done at an interval of 10-15 days. Also do weeding from time to time. It should also be pruned from side to side after the plants are up to 2-3 m to get wood without knots.

How much Production

The production of Malabar neem depends on the density of the trees planted. In more intensive planting, 60-100 tonnes of wood per acre is produced in 3-5 years. Farmers can earn extra income by selling its wood in the market or online.

Also Read: Dragon Fruit Farming: Gives More Profit in Less Cost

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