Practice Kadaknath poultry farming and get good income
Kadaknath also enjoys a special geographical identification ie Geographical Indication (GI) tag. Because of this, there is a demand for Kadaknath in foreign countries as well.
It is easier and less expensive to raise Kadaknath as compared to other breeds of poultry, as they are less prone to diseases. Its maintenance is easy as compared to boiler and indigenous chicken. The meat of Kadaknath is very tasty. It is rich in iron and protein and is very low in cholesterol. Kadaknath’s meat, egg and chick are in great demand, that’s why they get good prices.
While poultry farming takes place in large poultry farms, it is also adopted by small and medium scale farmers, as it maintains their ‘cash flow’ i.e. cash income. That is why, poultry farming is also adopted for additional earning. Apart from boiler and indigenous poultry, Kadaknath breed also has a good dominance in poultry farming. Although each breed has its own merits and demerits, but the characteristics of Kadaknath have attracted the attention of poultry farmers in recent years. In view of this, schemes are being run by many state governments and banks to encourage Kadaknath.
Image Credit: Indiamart
What is the importance of GI Tag?
The Kadaknath breed has a traditional dominance in the tribal-dominated Jhabua and Dhar districts of Madhya Pradesh, as well as in adjoining Chhattisgarh areas. Now, Kadaknath here also has a special geographical identity i.e. Geographical Indication (GI) tag. Because of this, there is demand for Kadaknath in foreign countries as well. Through GI Tag, the production area of any food item, natural and agricultural products and handicrafts is guaranteed. Under the Geographical Indications (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999, the introduction of solid identification with the GI tag began in 2013. It also symbolizes the intellectual property of a particular area. The GI tag of one country cannot be claimed by another country. India today has the largest number of GI tags in the world. Because of this, about 365 Indian products have a special identity in the world.
It is less expensive and easy to raise Kadaknath
Kadaknath is also called ‘Kalamasi’ in the local dialect, because the meat, beak, feathers, legs, tongue, nails, skin, bone etc. of this breed of chicken with an abundance of ‘melanin pigment’ would all be black in colour. It has three major breeds – Jet Black, Penciled and Golden. Out of these, Jet Black is the most sought after breed. Golden breed Kadaknath is rarely found. It is easier and less expensive to raise Kadaknath than other breeds as they are less prone to diseases. Its maintenance is easy as compared to boiler and indigenous chicken. If they are raised by making a shed in the garden, then the cost of food and drink is also economical.
Kadaknath helps earn more income
The earnings from poultry farming of Kadaknath breed is much higher than that of indigenous chicken. While desi rooster sells for Rs 700 per kg, Kadaknath’s price ranges from Rs 900 to 1200 per kg. The weight of mature male of Kadaknath is around 1.8 to 2.3 kg and that of female is around 1.25 to 1.5 kg. Kadaknath chicken lays 110 to 120 eggs in an year. Its egg weight is 30 to 35 grams and the colour is light brown or pink. An egg of Kadaknath chicken sells for Rs 25 to 50.
Image Credit: The Economic Times
Kadaknath is very talented
The meat of Kadaknath is very tasty. It is rich in iron and protein and is very low in cholesterol. It is considered good for heart patients and diabetes patients. It also acts as a medicine in homeopathy and in case of nervous disorders. The treatment of many serious diseases with its blood is also prevalent in the tribal society. Its meat is also consumed to increase sexual arousal. Due to these characteristics, not only does the price of Kadaknath itself remain high, but its meat and eggs also fetch a good price. Selling Kadaknath chicks also gives good income, as it has high demand in the market and is a quick selling breed. That’s why they are available online as well as in local markets.
Strong demand for Kadaknath
Many Krishi Vigyan Kendras in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh are unable to meet the demand of Kadaknath chicks. From there, some chicken farmers take a 15-day-old chick, while some people also like to take a one-day-old chick. The price of chick ranges between Rs 70-100. Kadaknath chick becomes adult or marketable in three and a half to four months. Its price in the market is Rs 3,000-4,000. By the way, its meat is sold for Rs 700 to 1000 per kg. But when the consumption of meat increases in winter, the price goes up to Rs 1000 to 1200 per kg.
Image Credit: Aaj Tak
Get concessional loan from banks
If you want to take up the profession of poultry farming or want to further your existing business then you can get loan on easy terms from almost all banks. Poultry farmers can get the benefit of loans and subsidies in all states under the National Live Stock Mission and the Poultry Venture Capital Fund (PVCF) of NABARD (NABARD, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development). The subsidy rate is 25% for general category applicants and 33% for BPL and SC/ST communities and residents of North-Eastern states. By the way, special schemes are also run by the Animal Husbandry Department of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh governments for the protection and promotion of Kadaknath breed of chickens.
Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh have unmatched incentives
Madhya Pradesh government gives a grant or subsidy of Rs 4400 for rearing 40 chicks of Kadaknath in all its districts. This is 75 percent of the total expenditure. In this, the beneficiary has to deposit the remaining 1100 rupees or 25 percent with the filled application form to the veterinary officer of his district or the in-charge of the veterinary dispensary or the deputy director, veterinary medicine. The subsidy includes Rs 65 per chick, Rs 5 to vaccinate him and Rs 220 for transportation and Rs 1390 for a month’s feed for the chicks. The quantity of food has been fixed at 48 grams per chick. The complete details of the scheme are available on the website of Animal Husbandry Department, Madhya Pradesh, mpdah.gov.in.
In Chhattisgarh, on depositing Rs 53,000, the government provides 1000 chicks, 30 chicken sheds and free feed or food for six months in three instalments. The government also bears the responsibility of vaccination and health care of the chicks and also does the marketing work of the chickens when they become adults.
There is also a great demand in contract farming
Kadaknath is also in great demand in contract farming. For this business, you will have to raise healthy Kadaknath chickens of good breed and have to sign an agreement with a good company for direct purchase of your products. It is important to thoroughly investigate the company before entering into an agreement.
NABARD’s plan for poultry farm
Apart from farmers, small and big businessmen are also interested in the field of poultry, because whether in villages or cities, the demand for chicken and eggs is increasing on an average by 10 percent annually. People willing to do poultry farm business easily get loan or financial assistance as per the schemes of NABARD. Poultry farm entrepreneurs do not require any educational qualification, but if they have any training or experience related to poultry farming, then they can easily get loan from the bank. Loans are available for the construction of poultry sheds, feed rooms and other facilities for poultry. There is no upper limit for this loan. Hence, the entrepreneur gets help as needed.
There are two types of Poultry Farm i.e. Poultry Business – Hatching Plant and Rooster Farm. Egg traders have to raise layer chickens and chicken or chicken meat traders have to raise broiler chickens. By the way, both the business can also be done together. According to the model projects prepared by NABARD, if you want to do poultry broiler rooster farming with at least 10 thousand chickens then you will have to arrange 4-5 lakh rupees in addition to the land, whereas if you want to do poultry layer farming business i.e. egg business, with 10 thousand chickens then you will have to arrange 10 to 12 lakh rupees in addition to the land. Banks can give loan of 75% of the entire project amount. The help of NABARD consultancy service can also be taken for loan.
How much space is required for poultry business?
Space is the most important and biggest requirement for a poultry farm. Usually a chicken needs at least 1 square foot of space. If this space is 1.5 square feet per chicken, the risk of loss of eggs or chicks is greatly reduced. The poultry farm should be located outside the developed area of the cities and at such a place where there is facility of labour, drinking water and road and there should be proper arrangement for disposal of the filth of the poultry farm. There should not be another poultry farm less than half a kilometer away from one poultry farm.
Image Credit: funpoultry
How to take loan for poultry farm?
Loans from banks for poultry farming are generally of two types. First, small or landless farmers-labourers or the unemployed who want to increase their income by doing poultry farming on a small scale. And second, people already practising poultry farming as their main business. The person taking loan for poultry farm should have good experience in this field. Loans are available from banks to increase the capacity of existing poultry farms.
As far as the documents required to apply for a loan to the bank are concerned, apart from the detailed project report of the poultry farm, the usual documents related to the identity of the applicant are required. Such as – identity card, photograph, land lease agreement and bank account details etc. Many times guarantees are also sought from banks for large amount of loans. The loan is usually given for 5 years and it can be extended in special circumstances. The rate of interest may vary from bank to bank, but usually it is 10 to 12 percent.
Contact us: If farmers want to share information or experiences related to farming with us, then they can do this by calling us on the phone number 9599273766 or by writing an email to [email protected] or by sending your recording. Through Kisan of India, we will convey your message to the people, because we believe that if the farmers are advanced then the country is happy.