Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Income increased by 1.5 lakh rupees from integrated farming model, Harsingh Oyami adopted IFS model in 5 acres area

Integrated agriculture model is the source of income throughout the year


Integrated farming system is no less than a boon for the farmers of Dantewada, Dakshin Bastar of Chhattisgarh, because now they are getting income throughout the year. The farmers of Dantewada district improved their economic condition by adopting modern techniques of agriculture under integrated farming system. He got the support of Krishi Vigyan Kendra.

The advantage of an integrated farming system is that each other’s wastes are used in agriculture and allied activities. Farm waste is given as fodder to animals. Whereas cow dung is used as manure. This leads to proper use of waste and also reduces pollution. Harsingh Oyami, a farmer from Dantewada district has also increased his income by more than 1.5 lakh by adopting integrated farming system.

integrated farming
Image Credit: KVK

Not getting enough income from even 5 acres of land 

Harsingh Oyami hails from Binjam village in Geedam block of Dantewada district. He has 5 acres of cultivable land. Yet earlier they were not getting enough income from agriculture. He used to grow paddy on 5 acres in Kharif season and vegetables on 2 acres in Rabi season. They had a pond and 10 cows, but they did not earn any income.

In 2011-12, Harsingh came in contact with Krishi Vigyan Kendra and participated in many activities organized by them. After this, on the advice of scientists, he adopted new and advanced techniques in the cultivation of paddy, maize and vegetables along with integrated farming system. Advanced techniques were also adopted in fish farming and animal husbandry. 

integrated farming
integrated farming model. Image Credit: KVK

Increased income 

Harsingh Oyami soon began to see the effects of advanced technologies. His annual income increased to around Rs 3,68,000 i.e. around Rs 30,066 per month. Earlier, his income from farming activities was around Rs 2,12,000. That is, there was an increase in income by 57.6 percent by adopting an integrated farming system.

Earlier, about 50 thousand rupees were received from the cultivation of paddy and maize in 5 acres, now about 80,000 rupees are being received. Similarly, from the cultivation of vegetables in 2 acres, where earlier the income of 50 thousand was increased, now it has increased to Rs 80,000.

There was no income before fish farming, now 30 thousand rupees are being received. Dairy business has also become a source of income, earning them around Rs 20,000. He also started a Vermicompost unit, which is earning an additional income of Rs.20,000. An income of Rs. 58,000 was earned from the sale of Mahua, Tora, Sal seed, Tamarind and Rs.80,000 from the sale of Sulfi juice.

 integrated farming
integrated farming model. Image Credit: KVK

Advantages of Integrated Farming System 

Better utilization of available resources in integrated farming system results in lower costs and increased profits. This gives economic stability to the farmers, as they do many activities. So there is no need to depend on any one source for income and they keep earning throughout the year.

The rotation of crops means that the cultivation of different crops by not planting the same crop throughout the year improves the soil. In this, the waste is recycled and used, due to which less waste is generated and less pollution is caused. The use of cow dung in agriculture does not spoil the crop and the quality of soil. Farmers get different crops throughout the year, due to which they also get adequate nutrition and the problem of malnutrition is solved.

Also Read: Vermicompost: Krishna Kumar has prepared a cheap formula to make vermicompost, gives training for free

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