Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Natural Farming: Advanced techniques adopted in natural farming, special care is taken from crop management to selection of crops

Increase in soil health and production, thanks to natural farming


Natural farming is the need of the hour, as it can be saved from deteriorating balance of the environment, as well as from harming health of the soil. By adopting natural farming in the right way, farmers can earn good profits by reducing their cost as did Hanumanthu Muthyalamma, a woman farmer from Andhra Pradesh.

Indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides not only pollutes the soil but also reduces the nutritional value of the produce. Its consumption not only harms health, it also harms the environment. In such a situation, farmers are being motivated to adopt natural farming for some time. Many farmers have also adopted completely natural farming. By adopting this, not only their profits have increased, but they are also getting good quality crops. Hanumanthu Muthyalamma, a woman farmer from Kosaravanivalasa village in Vijayanagar district of Andhra Pradesh, also fully embraced natural farming. This reduced their cost of cultivation and increased profits.

Natural farming techniques 

Hanumanthu Muthyalamma started natural farming in 2018 on 2.5 acres of land. She adopted pre-monsoon dry sowing, which covers 18 different crops along with paddy (kharif) and pulses (rabi). She adopted all the techniques of natural farming which include use of Beejamrut, Ghanjivamrut, Dravjeevamrut, PMDS (Achhadana), Growth Promoters (Eggs, Amino Acids, Saptdanyakura Kashaya and Botanical Extracts). Astringent is used for pest management.

Also Read: Carrot Grass: Quickly Destroy This Worst Enemy Of Soil And Farmers

Ghanjivamrut was applied to the soil at the rate of 400 kg per acre. Dravidjivamrut at the rate of 200 litres/acre was applied at an interval of 15 days. In addition, all techniques such as seed treatment, pruning of leaf tips, yellow sticky plates, pheromone traps, bird perch etc. have been used. Botanical extracts for pest management and growth promoters are used for good growth of crops. She started seeing the benefits of natural farming within two years. 

natural farming
Image Credit: manage


Benefits of natural farming 

Adopting natural farming reduced the cost of cultivation of Hanumanthu Muthyalamma. Soil fertility increased and productivity of main crops during the summer season also increased due to pre-monsoon dry sowing. Additional income was generated by selling fodder obtained from pre-monsoon dry sowing. She uses the fodder to feed the animals. The use of botanical extracts has reduced the number of pests and diseases in plants. Cultivation of many crops has led to an increase in the number of useful insects such as the bee and the dragon fly. The number of earthworms also increased in the soil, which makes the soil more fertile.

 natural farming
Image Cedit: manage

Why is natural farming important? 

Natural farming is the oldest method of farming. It is also called chemical free farming, because no chemical fertilizers and pesticides are used in it. Only cow dung and natural things are used for fertilizers and pest management. Due to this, there is no inclusion of any kind of chemicals in the soil and the crop. The crop is high in quality and nutritious. This does not reduce the yield of the soil and does not cause any harm to the environment. At present, the way global warming has completely disturbed the balance of the environment, in such a way, farming can definitely try to reduce it to some extent. The health damage that is being caused by eating chemical grains, fruits, vegetables can also be avoided.


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