Agriculture and Farming Technology Updates

Ram Kishore overcome his financial crisis by cultivating Green Chilli

Sons had to go to nearby cities in search of employment.


If green chillies are cultivated with scientific techniques, their yield can be higher. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, and Rajasthan are the major chilli-producing states in India. These states grow 80% of the total production of chillies. A farmer from Madhya Pradesh has increased his income by cultivating green chilli and solved significant problems like employment and migration.

Green Chilli
Image Credit: farmingindia

A sharp drop in Income

Tikamgarh district of Madhya Pradesh was suffering from the problem of drought. Due to this, many villagers were forced to migrate. Most of the farmers in the district had less than one hectare of land. Due to the use of old varieties and the indiscriminate use of pesticides, the productivity of vegetables in the district had decreased drastically. Ram Kishore Rai, a resident of Tikamgarh, used to cultivate crops like soybean, gram, and urad. He earned very little from this. Moreover, it also took a lot of work to meet the family’s daily needs. His financial condition was getting worse. The sons had to go to nearby cities in search of employment.

Planted hybrid variety of chilli on scientific advice

Meanwhile, Ram Kishore Rai came in contact with Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) Tikamgarh. Looking at the available resources, KVK scientists advised them to grow hybrid chillies. He got inspired by the results of the Front Line Demonstration organized by the KVK. He got all the necessary training related to the cultivation of green chillies. Learn about advanced techniques. He planted ‘Disha,’ a hybrid variety of chilli, on his 1/3 acre of land. Nursery prepared in June and transplanted in July at a distance of 60 cm x 45 cm.

Green Chilli
Image Credit: Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya

Increased profits, got employment, and stopped migration

Three months after planting, six pickings of green chillies is done till October. Due to this, he earned an income of about 69 thousand rupees per acre. It cost them a total of Rs 12,000 per acre. Ram Kishore’s three sons also started helping their father. He also joined his father in farming activities. In this way, self-employment was found, and the problem of rural youth forced to migrate was solved.

Green Chilli
Image Credit: Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya

Soil and Climate for Green Chilli Cultivation

Green chillies can be cultivated in all types of land. Keep in mind that the amount of organic matter in the soil is sufficient. Chilli crop cannot tolerate waterlogged conditions. Therefore, there should be good drainage system in the field.

The temperature of 15 to 35 degree Celsius and hot humid climate is suitable for the cultivation of green Chillies. The outbreak of frost is more on the crop of green Chillies. That’s why this should also be taken care of.

Green Chilli
Image Credit: agrigoaexpert

Harvesting and Storage

Green chillies should be harvested about 15 to 20 days after fruit set. There should be a gap of about 12 to 15 days between first and second picking. The fruits should be harvested only when they are well prepared. Green chillies should be cut from 7 to 10 cm. Can be stored for 14-21 days at room temperature and 90-95% humidity. Store in a place where there is good ventilation.

Green Chilli
Image Credit: agrigoaexpert

Also Read: Intercropping With Sugarcane: Farmers must try ​​Papaya and Sugarcane co-cropping

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